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VAERS Bibliography - October 2000

  1. Accidental exposure to smallpox vaccine, Russian Federation. Wkly Epidemiol Rec 2000 Jun 23;75(25):202.
    Keywords: Accidents/ Child/ Human/ Medical Waste Disposal/ Siberia/ Smallpox Vaccine.

  2. Adolescent immunization. Wkly Epidemiol Rec 2000 Jun 2;75(22):183-7.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Female/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Infant/ Viral Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage.

  3. Age threshold lowered for influenza immunisation and target for coverage introduced. Commun Dis Rep CDR Wkly 2000 Aug 11;10(32):285, 288.
    Keywords: Age Factors/ Aged/ England/ Health Policy/ Human/ Influenza Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Practice Guidelines/ Primary Health Care/ Standards/ Risk Factors/ State Medicine.

  4. American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Infectious Diseases. Policy statement: recommendations for the prevention of pneumococcal infections, including the use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (Prevnar), pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine, and antibiotic prophylaxis. Pediatrics 2000 Aug;106(2 Pt 1):362-6.
    Keywords: Antibiotic Prophylaxis/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Child, Preschool/ Human/ Immunization Schedule/ Immunocompetence/ Immunology/ Infant/ Opportunistic Infections/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Pneumococcal Infections/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Risk Factors/ Vaccines, Conjugate/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology.

  5. Cholera, 1999. Wkly Epidemiol Rec 2000 Aug 4;75(31):249-56.
    Keywords: Cholera/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Cholera Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Disaster Planning/ Disease Outbreaks/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Human/ Incidence/ World Health.

  6. Compendium of animal rabies prevention and control, 2000. National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2000 Jul 14;49(RR-8):21-30.
    Keywords: Animal/ Animals, Domestic/ Animals, Wild/ Human/ Rabies/ Prevention & Control/ Veterinary/ Rabies Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ United States/ Vaccination/ Standards/ Veterinary/ Veterinary Medicine/ Standards.

  7. Delayed supply of influenza vaccine and adjunct ACIP influenza vaccine recommendations for the 2000-01 influenza season. Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2000 Jul 14;49(27):619-22.
    Keywords: Human/ Influenza/ Prevention & Control/ Influenza Vaccine/ Supply & Distribution/ Seasons/ United States/ Vaccination/ Standards.

  8. From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Delayed supply of influenza vaccine and adjunct ACIP influenza vaccine recommendations for the 2000-01 influenza season. Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. JAMA 2000 Aug 9;284(6):687-8.
    Keywords: Human/ Influenza/ Prevention & Control/ Influenza Vaccine/ Supply & Distribution/ Seasons/ United States/ Vaccination/ Standards.

  9. From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National, state and urban area vaccination coverage levels among children aged 19-35 months--United States, 1999. JAMA 2000 Aug 9;284(6):690.
    Keywords: Child, Preschool/ Human/ Infant/ United States/ Vaccination/ Statistics & Numer Data.

  10. From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication--European Region 1998-June 2000. JAMA 2000 Aug 16;284(7):824-5.
    Keywords: Europe/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Poliomyelitis/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Poliovirus Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage.

  11. From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Update: expanded availability of thimerosal preservative-free hepatitis B vaccine. JAMA 2000 Aug 23-2000 Aug 30;284(8):954.
    Keywords: Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Supply & Distribution/ Human/ Infant, Newborn/ Preservatives, Pharmaceutical/ Thimerosal/ United States.

  12. Hepatitis B vaccination coverage among Asian and Pacific Islander children--United States, 1998. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2000 Jul 14;49(27):616-9.
    Keywords: Asian Americans/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Infant/ United States/ Vaccination/ Utilization.

  13. Immunization and the prevention of influenza and pneumococcal disease in people with diabetes: American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 2000 Jan;23(1):109-11.
    Keywords: Bacterial Vaccines/ Diabetes Mellitus/ Complications/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Influenza/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Influenza Vaccine/ Pneumonia, Pneumococcal/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ United States/ Vaccines, Conjugate/ Voluntary Health Agencies.

  14. Immunization of college students against meningococcal disease. Med Lett Drugs Ther 2000 Aug 7;42(1084):69.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Therapeutic Use/ Disease Outbreaks/ Prevention & Control/ Female/ Human/ Immunization/ Adverse Effects/ Male/ Meningitis/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Neisseria Meningitidis/ Immunology/ Student Health Services.

  15. Measles--United States, 1999. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2000 Jun 30;49(25):557-60.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Disease Outbreaks/ Human/ Infant/ Measles/ Epidemiology/ Transmission/ Measles Vaccine/ Travel/ United States/ Epidemiology.

  16. National, state, and urban area vaccination coverage levels among children aged 19-35 months--United States, 1999. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2000 Jul 7;49(26):585-9.
    Keywords: Child, Preschool/ Human/ Infant/ United States/ Vaccination/ Statistics & Numer Data.

  17. Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication--European region, 1998-June 2000. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2000 Jul 28;49(29):656-60.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Europe/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Incidence/ Infant/ Poliomyelitis/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Poliovirus Vaccine/ Population Surveillance/ Vaccination/ Utilization.

  18. Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication--South-East Asia Region, 1998-1999. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2000 Jun 30;49(25):568-72.
    Keywords: Asia, Southeastern/ Epidemiology/ Asia, Western/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Incidence/ Poliomyelitis/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral/ Population Surveillance.

  19. Reflecting the extraordinary pace of change. Canadian Immunization Guide. Laboratory Centre for Disease Control, Health Protection Branch, Health Canada. Can Fam Physician 1999 Jan;45:135-8.
    Keywords: Adult/ Canada/ Child/ Education, Medical, Continuing/ Human/ Immunization Schedule/ Infant/ Manuals/ Practice Guidelines/ Programmed Instruction.

  20. Resources for teaching and learning prevention. Acad Med 2000 Jul;75(7 Suppl):S95-8.
    Keywords: Curriculum/ Education, Nursing/ Educational Technology/ Human/ Immunization/ Learning/ Preventive Medicine/ Education/ Program Development/ Public Health/ Education/ Publications/ Teaching/ Methods/ Teaching Materials.

  21. Safety of meningitis vaccine. Commun Dis Rep CDR Wkly 2000 Jun 16;10(24):213, 216.
    Keywords: Adult/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Child/ Human/ Infant/ Meningitis, Meningococcal/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Neisseria Meningitidis/ Isolation & Purif/ Septicemia/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Vaccines, Conjugate/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology.

  22. Statement on alternate adolescent schedule for hepatitis B vaccine (ACS-5). An Advisory Committee Statement (ACS). National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI). Can Commun Dis Rep 2000 Jul 1;26:19-20.

  23. Keywords: Adolescence/ Canada/ Hepatitis B/ Prevention & Control/ Virology/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Human/ Immunization, Secondary. Statement on immunization for Lyme disease (ACS-3). An Advisory Committee Statement (ACS). National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI). Can Commun Dis Rep 2000 Jul 1;26:1-11.
    Keywords: Antibiotics/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Borrelia Burgdorferi/ Immunology/ Isolation & Purif/ Canada/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Standards/ Insect Repellents/ Lyme Disease/ Immunology/ Microbiology/ Prevention & Control.

  24. Statement on influenza vaccination for the 2000-2001 season. An Advisory Committee Statement (ASC). National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI). Can Commun Dis Rep 2000 Jun 1;26:1-16.
    Keywords: Canada/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Standards/ Influenza/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Therapy/ Influenza Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology.

  25. Supplementary statement on hepatitis A vaccine (ACS-4). An Advisory Committee Statement (ACS). National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI). Can Commun Dis Rep 2000 Jul 1;26:12-8.
    Keywords: Canada/ Epidemiology/ Disease Outbreaks/ Prevention & Control/ Hepatitis a/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Virology/ Human/ Viral Hepatitis Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology.

  26. Update: expanded availability of thimerosal preservative-free hepatitis B vaccine. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2000 Jul 21;49(28):642, 651.
    Keywords: Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Supply & Distribution/ Human/ Infant, Newborn/ Preservatives, Pharmaceutical/ Thimerosal/ United States.

  27. Allwright S, Bradley F, Long J, Barry J, Thornton L, Parry JV. Prevalence of antibodies to hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV and risk factors in Irish prisoners: results of a national cross sectional survey. BMJ 2000 Jul 8;321(7253):78-82.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Aged/ Aids-Related Opportunistic Infections/ Complications/ Epidemiology/ Cross-Sectional Studies/ Female/ Hepatitis B/ Complications/ Epidemiology/ Hepatitis B Antibodies/ Analysis/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Hepatitis C/ Complications/ Epidemiology/ Hepatitis C Antibodies/ Analysis/ Homosexuality, Male/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Human/ Hiv Infections/ Epidemiology/ Ireland/ Epidemiology/ Logistic Models/ Middle Age/ Prevalence/ Prisoners/ Risk Factors/ Substance-Related Disorders/ Complications/ Epidemiology/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't.

  28. Arya, S. C. Poliomyelitis or acute flaccid paralysis in future [letter]. Vaccine 2000 Jun 15; 18(25): 2773-4.
    Keywords: Acute Disease/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Trends/ Muscle Hypotonia/ Paralysis/ Epidemiology/ Poliomyelitis/ Epidemiology/ Poliovirus Vaccine.

  29. Baxby D. Edward Jenner's unpublished cowpox inquiry and the Royal Society: Everard Home's report to Sir Joseph Banks. Med Hist 1999 Jan;43(1):108-10.
    Keywords: Cowpox/ History/ Great Britain/ History of Medicine, 18th Cent./ Human/ Vaccination/ History.

  30. Beck JG, Low KH, Burnett M, Xu L, Suleyman S, Thompson KM, Sullivan L, Natvig JB, George V, Pinchuk. Analysis of 'natural' and vaccine-induced haemophilus influenzae type B capsular polysaccharide serum antibodies for 3H1, a V3-23-associated idiotope. Immunol Lett 2000 Jun 1;72(3):171-7.
    Keywords: Adult/ Antibodies, Bacterial/ Blood/ Immunology/ Antibodies, Monoclonal/ Immunology/ Child, Preschool/ Haemophilus Influenzae Type B/ Immunology/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Immunology/ Human/ Hybridomas/ Immunoglobulin Idiotypes/ Immunology/ Immunoglobulin Variable Region/ Immunology/ Infant/ Polysaccharides, Bacterial/ Immunology.

  31. Bennett, J. L. Schistosomiasis vaccineswhat parasitology can do for immunology [letter] Parasitol Today 2000 Aug. 16(8): 356;discussion 357-8
    Keywords: Animal/ Human/ Research/ Schistosoma/ Genetics/ Metabolism/ Pathogenicity/ Schistosomiasis/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Parasitology/ Vaccines/ Immunology.

  32. Bhamarapravati N, Sutee Y. Live attenuated tetravalent dengue vaccine. Vaccine 2000 May 26;18 Suppl 2:44-7.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Animal/ Antibodies, Viral/ Blood/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Dengue/ Prevention & Control/ Dengue Virus/ Immunology/ Dogs/ Follow-up Studies/ Human/ Serotyping/ Methods/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccines, Attenuated/ Therapeutic Use/ Viral Vaccines/ Therapeutic Use.

  33. Birmingham K. HIV vaccine trials planned for Africa [news]. Nat Med 2000 Aug;6(8):844.
    Keywords: Africa/ Aids Vaccines/ Pharmacology/ Clinical Trials/ Developing Countries/ Human/ Hiv Infections/ Prevention & Control.

  34. Birmingham K. Industry outlines its perspective on new third-world vaccine development [news]. Nat Med 2000 Jul;6(7):723-4.
    Keywords: Congresses/ Developing Countries/ Human/ Hiv Infections/ Prevention & Control/ Malaria/ Prevention & Control/ National Institutes of Health (U.s.)/ Research/ Technology, Pharmaceutical/ Tuberculosis/ Prevention & Control/ United States/ Vaccines.

  35. Black S. Varicella vaccination: to test or not to test [comment] [editorial]. Am J Med 2000 Jun 15;108(9):746-7.
    Keywords: Adult/ Chickenpox/ Economics/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Chickenpox Vaccine/ Administration &/ Cost-Benefit Analysis/ Human/ Seroepidemiologic Studies/ United States/ Epidemiology.

  36. Blanck, R. R. Anthrax vaccination is based on medical evidence [letter]. Am J Public Health 2000 Aug;90(8):1326-7

    .

  37. Keywords: Animal/ Anthrax/ Prevention & Control/ Bacillus Anthracis/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Biological Warfare/ Disease Models, Animal/ Human/ Macaca Mulatta/ Military Personnel/ United States.

  38. Bodey B, Bodey B Jr, Siegel SE, Kaiser HE. Failure of cancer vaccines: the significant limitations of this approach to immunotherapy. Anticancer Res 2000 Jul-2000 Aug 31;20(4):2665-76.
    Keywords: Antigens, Neoplasm/ Immunology/ Cancer Vaccines/ Therapeutic Use/ Cyclins/ Genetics/ Ca-125 Antigen/ Immunology/ Ca-15-3 Antigen/ Immunology/ Dendritic Cells/ Immunology/ Hemocyanin/ Immunology/ Human/ Neoplasms/ Immunology/ Therapy/ Receptor, Erbb-2/ Metabolism/ T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Synthetic/ Therapeutic Use.

  39. Borrow R, Fox AJ, Richmond PC, Clark S, Sadler F, Findlow J, Morris R, Begg NT, Cartwright KA. Induction of immunological memory in UK infants by a meningococcal A/C conjugate vaccine. Epidemiol Infect 2000 Jun;124(3):427-32.
    Keywords: Antibodies, Bacterial/ Analysis/ Genetics/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/ Female/ Human/ Immunization Schedule/ Immunologic Memory/ Immunology/ Infant/ Male/ Meningococcal Infections/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Polysaccharides, Bacterial/ Immunology/ Serotyping/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccines, Conjugate/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology.

  40. Borrow R, Longworth E, Gray SJ, Kaczmarski EB. Prevalence of de-O-acetylated serogroup C meningococci before the introduction of meningococcal serogroup C conjugate vaccines in the United Kingdom. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 2000 Jul;28(3):189-91.
    Keywords: Antibodies, Monoclonal/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Great Britain/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Immunoblotting/ Meningitis, Meningococcal/ Epidemiology/ Microbiology/ Neisseria Meningitidis/ Chemistry/ Classification/ Phenotype/ Polysaccharides/ Immunology/ Prevalence/ Serotyping/ Vaccines, Conjugate.

  41. Bower H. Arming the population against polio in Somalia [news]. Lancet 2000 Jul 15;356(9225):229.
    Keywords: Child/ Child, Preschool/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Medical Missions, Official/ Poliomyelitis/ Prevention & Control/ Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral/ Administration & Dosage/ Somalia/ United Nations/ Vaccination/ World Health Organization.

  42. Bratcher DF, Stover BH, Lane NE, Paul RI. Compliance with national recommendations for tuberculosis screening and immunization of healthcare workers in a children's hospital. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2000 May;21(5):338-40.
    Keywords: Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/ Prevention & Control/ Disease Transmission, Professional-to-Patient/ Prevention & Control/ Guideline Adherence/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Health Personnel/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Hospitals, Pediatric/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Human/ Kentucky/ Mass Screening/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Tuberculosis/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Transmission/ Vaccination/ Statistics & Numer Data.

  43. Brennan MJ. Moving new vaccines for tuberculosis through the regulatory process. Clin Infect Dis 2000 Jun;30 Suppl 3:S247-9.
    Keywords: Animal/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Standards/ Bcg Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Standards/ Clinical Trials/ Drug Approval/ Human/ Mycobacterium Tuberculosis/ Immunology/ National Institutes of Health (U.s.)/ Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/ Prevention & Control/ United States/ United States Food and Drug Administration.

  44. Brigden ML, Pattullo A, Brown G. Pneumococcal vaccine administration associated with splenectomy: the need for improved education, documentation, and the use of a practical checklist. Am J Hematol 2000 Sep;65(1):25-9.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Aged/ Aged, 80 and Over/ Bacterial Vaccines/ British Columbia/ Child/ Female/ Human/ Male/ Medical Records/ Middle Age/ Patient Discharge/ Patient Education/ Pneumococcal Infections/ Etiology/ Prevention & Control/ Splenectomy/ Adverse Effects/ Streptococcus Pneumoniae/ Immunology/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't.

  45. Brisson M, Edmunds WJ, Gay NJ, Law B, De Serres G. Analysis of varicella vaccine breakthrough rates: implications for the effectiveness of immunisation programmes. Vaccine 2000 Jun 15;18(25):2775-8.
    Keywords: Child, Preschool/ Comparative Study/ Follow-up Studies/ Herpes Zoster/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Transmission/ Herpesvirus 3, Human/ Immunology/ Immunization Programs/ Incidence/ Sentinel Surveillance/ Treatment Outcome/ Vaccines, Attenuated/ Therapeutic Use/ Vaccines, Inactivated/ Therapeutic Use/ Viral Vaccines/ Therapeutic Use.

  46. Brocke S. T cell receptor peptides for the vaccination therapy of multiple sclerosis. Ernst Schering Res Found Workshop 2000;(30):167-79.
    Keywords: Animal/ Antigen Presentation/ Cancer Vaccines/ Therapeutic Use/ Encephalomyelitis, Experimental Autoimmune/ Immunology/ Therapy/ Human/ Mice/ Multiple Sclerosis/ Immunology/ Therapy/ Rats/ Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/ Immunology/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ T-Lymphocytes/ Immunology/ Vaccination/ Methods.

  47. Broder CC, Earl PL. Recombinant vaccinia viruses. Design, generation, and isolation. Mol Biotechnol 1999 Dec 15;13(3):223-45.
    Keywords: Animal/ Genetic Vectors/ Human/ Microbiological Techniques/ Recombination, Genetic/ Transfection/ Vaccinia Virus/ Viral Vaccines.

  48. Brunell PA, Argaw T. Chickenpox attributable to a vaccine virus contracted from a vaccinee with zoster. Pediatrics 2000 Aug;106(2):E28.
    Keywords: Case Report/ Chickenpox/ Diagnosis/ Prevention &/ Chickenpox Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Child, Preschool/ Disease Transmission, Horizontal/ Human/ Male/ Nuclear Family.

  49. Brunham RC, Zhang DJ, Yang X, McClarty GM. The potential for vaccine development against chlamydial infection and disease. J Infect Dis 2000 Jun;181 Suppl 3:S538-43.
    Keywords: Animal/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Chlamydia Pneumoniae/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Chlamydia Trachomatis/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Chlamydia Infections/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Drug Design/ Human/ Mice/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Attenuated/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Dna/ Immunology.

  50. Brydak LB, Roszkowska-Blaim M, Machala M, Leszczynska B, Sieniawska M. Antibody response to influenza immunization in two consecutive epidemic seasons in patients with renal diseases. Vaccine 2000 Aug 1;18(28):3280-6.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Antibodies, Viral/ Blood/ Child/ Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests/ Human/ Immunization/ Influenza Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Kidney Diseases/ Immunology.

  51. Burroughs M, Moscona A. Immunization of pediatric solid organ transplant candidates and recipients. Clin Infect Dis 2000 Jun;30(6):857-69.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Bacterial Infections/ Prevention & Control/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Human/ Organ Transplantation/ Vaccination/ Viral Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Virus Diseases/ Prevention & Control.

  52. Buxton J, Weatherill S, Hockin J, Daly P. Influenza and pneumococcal immunization 'blitz' in an inner city area: downtown eastside of Vancouver, British Columbia. Can Commun Dis Rep 2000 Jul 15;26(14):117-22.
    Keywords: Adult/ Aged/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ British Columbia/ Epidemiology/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Female/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Influenza/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Influenza Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Male/ Middle Age/ Pneumococcal Infections/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Urban Population.

  53. Camargo MC, de Moraes JC, Souza VA, Matos MR, Pannuti CS. Predictors related to the occurrence of a measles epidemic in the city of Sao Paulo in 1997. Rev Panam Salud Publica 2000 Jun;7(6):359-65.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Age Factors/ Analysis of Variance/ Brazil/ Epidemiology/ Case-Control Studies/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Comparative Study/ Disease Outbreaks/ Female/ Human/ Infant/ Logistic Models/ Male/ Measles/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Risk Factors/ Sex Factors/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccination.

  54. Canas LC, Lohman K, Pavlin JA, Endy T, Singh DL, Pandey P, Shrestha MP, Scott RM, Russell KL, Watts D, et al. The Department of Defense laboratory-based global influenza surveillance system. Mil Med 2000 Jul;165(7 Suppl 2):52-6.
    Keywords: Government Agencies/ Human/ Influenza/ Epidemiology/ Influenza Vaccine/ Military Medicine/ Organization & Admin/ Population Surveillance/ Methods/ United States/ World Health.

  55. Chen H. Recent advances in mucosal vaccine development. J Control Release 2000 Jul 3;67(2-3):117-28.
    Keywords: Animal/ Human/ Immunity, Mucosal/ Immunology/ Immunization/ Methods/ Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology.

  56. Chen, W. N.; Oon, C. J. Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) mutants in Singapore adults and vaccinated children with high anti-hepatitis B virus antibody levels but negative for HBsAg [letter]. J Clin Microbiol 2000 Jul 38(7): 2793-42.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Dna, Viral/ Analysis/ Female/ Hepatitis B/ Prevention & Control/ Virology/ Hepatitis B Antibodies/ Blood/ Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/ Genetics/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Hepatitis B Virus/ Immunology/ Isolation & Purif/ Human/ Infant/ Male/ Middle Age/ Mutation/ Polymerase Chain Reaction/ Singapore/ Vaccination.

  57. Chiao JW, Villalon P, Schwartz I, Wormsera GP. Modulation of lymphocyte proliferative responses by a canine Lyme disease vaccine of recombinant outer surface protein A (OspA). FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 2000 Jul;28(3):193-6.
    Keywords: Animal/ Antigens, Surface/ Immunology/ Pharmacology/ Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/ Immunology/ Pharmacology/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Immunology/ Pharmacology/ Borrelia Burgdorferi/ Immunology/ Cell Count/ Cells, Cultured/ Dogs/ Dose-Response Relationship, Drug/ Human/ Immunity, Cellular/ Leukocytes, Mononuclear/ Drug Effects/ Immunology/ Lyme Disease/ Prevention & Control/ Lymphocyte Transformation/ Mitogens/ Pharmacology/ Recombinant Proteins/ Immunology.

  58. Christiansen G, Pedersen AS, Hjerno K, Vandahl B, Birkelund S. Potential relevance of Chlamydia pneumoniae surface proteins to an effective vaccine. J Infect Dis 2000 Jun;181 Suppl 3:S528-37.
    Keywords: Amino Acid Motifs/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Amino Acid Sequence/ Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/ Chemistry/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Metabolism/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Immunology/ Cell Line/ Chlamydia Pneumoniae/ Chemistry/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Chlamydia Infections/ Immunology/ Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional/ Human/ Immunoblotting/ Microscopy, Immunoelectron/ Molecular Sequence Data/ Recombinant Proteins/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Metabolism/ Sequence Alignment/ Sequence Analysis, Dna/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't.

  59. Chu NR, Wu HB, Wu T, Boux LJ, Siegel MI, Mizzen LA. Immunotherapy of a human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 E7-expressing tumour by administration of fusion protein comprising Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) hsp65 and HPV16 E7. Clin Exp Immunol 2000 Aug;121(2):216-25.
    Keywords: Animal/ Anus Neoplasms/ Prevention & Control/ Cervix Neoplasms/ Prevention & Control/ Chaperonins/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Therapeutic Use/ Cd4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/ Immunology/ Cd8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/ Immunology/ Female/ Genes, Structural, Viral/ Human/ Immunization/ Immunotherapy/ Lung Neoplasms/ Genetics/ Pathology/ Virology/ Mice/ Mice, Inbred C57bl/ Mice, Knockout/ Mycobacterium Bovis/ Genetics/ Neoplasm Transplantation/ Oncogene Proteins, Viral/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Papillomavirus, Human/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Recombinant Fusion Proteins/ Immunology/ Therapeutic Use/ Spleen/ Immunology/ T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/ Immunology/ Tumor Cells, Cultured/ Transplantation/ Virology/ Vaccines, Synthetic/ Therapeutic Use/ Viral Vaccines/ Therapeutic Use.

  60. Cieslak TJ, Christopher GW, Kortepeter MG, Rowe JR, Pavlin JA, Culpepper RC, Eitzen EM Jr. Immunization against potential biological warfare agents. Clin Infect Dis 2000 Jun;30(6):843-50.
    Keywords: Bacterial Infections/ Prevention & Control/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Biological Warfare/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Immunization/ Viral Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Virus Diseases/ Prevention & Control.

  61. Classen, J. B.; Classen, D. C. Hemophilus vaccine associated with increased risk of diabetescausality likely [letter] Diabetes Care 2000 Jun;23(6): 872-3.
    Keywords: Autoantibodies/ Blood/ Child, Preschool/ Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent/ Etiology/ Immunology/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Adverse Effects/ Human/ Odds Ratio/ Risk Factors/ Vaccination/ Adverse Effects.

  62. Cohen D, Orr N, Haim M, Ashkenazi S, Robin G, Green MS, Ephros M, Sela T, Slepon R, Ashkenazi I, et al. Safety and immunogenicity of two different lots of the oral, killed enterotoxigenic escherichia coli-cholera toxin B subunit vaccine in Israeli young adults. Infect Immun 2000 Aug;68(8):4492-7.
    Keywords: Administration, Oral/ Adolescence/ Adult/ Antibodies, Bacterial/ Blood/ Bacterial Proteins/ Immunology/ Therapeutic Use/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Therapeutic Use/ Cholera Toxin/ Immunology/ Diarrhea/ Prevention & Control/ Double-Blind Method/ Escherichia Coli Infections/ Prevention & Control/ Female/ Human/ Israel/ Male/ Military Personnel/ Placebos/ Support, U.s. Gov't, Non-P.h.s.

  63. Coiffier B. Monoclonal antibodies in the treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients. Haematologica 1999 Jun;84:14-8.
    Keywords: Antibodies, Monoclonal/ Adverse Effects/ Therapeutic Use/ Antibodies, Neoplasm/ Adverse Effects/ Therapeutic Use/ Antigens, Cd/ Immunology/ Antigens, Neoplasm/ Immunology/ Human/ Immunization, Passive/ Immunotoxins/ Adverse Effects/ Therapeutic Use/ Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/ Therapy/ Radioimmunotherapy/ Adverse Effects.

  64. Collins DM. New tuberculosis vaccines based on attenuated strains of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Immunol Cell Biol 2000 Aug;78(4):342-8.
    Keywords: Alleles/ Animal/ Bcg Vaccine/ Immunology/ Cattle/ Dna Transposable Elements/ Genetics/ Dna, Recombinant/ Gene Silencing/ Genes, Bacterial/ Human/ Mutagenesis, Insertional/ Mycobacterium/ Immunology/ Mycobacterium Tuberculosis/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Salmonella/ Genetics/ Tuberculosis/ Prevention & Control/ Vaccines, Attenuated/ Vaccines, Inactivated/ Vaccines, Synthetic/ Vaccinia Virus/ Genetics/ Virulence/ Genetics.

  65. Comstock GW. Simple, practical ways to assess the protective efficacy of a new tuberculosis vaccine. Clin Infect Dis 2000 Jun;30 Suppl 3:S250-3.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Animal/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Immunology/ Bcg Vaccine/ Immunology/ Case-Control Studies/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Clinical Trials/ Methods/ Human/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Mycobacterium Avium Complex/ Immunology/ Mycobacterium Tuberculosis/ Immunology/ Randomized Controlled Trials/ Support, U.s. Gov't, Non-P.h.s./ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/ Immunology/ Microbiology/ Prevention & Control/ Vaccination.

  66. Corrah T, Byass P, Jaffar S, Thomas V, Bouchier V, Stanford JL, Whittle HC. Prior BCG vaccination improves survival of Gambian patients treated for pulmonary tuberculosis. Trop Med Int Health 2000 Jun;5(6):413-7.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Age Factors/ Aged/ Bcg Vaccine/ Female/ Gambia/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Male/ Middle Age/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Survival Analysis/ Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/ Mortality/ Prevention & Control.

  67. Crovari P, Gabutti G, Giammanco G, Dentico P, Moiraghi AR, Ponzio F, Soncini R. Reactogenicity and immunogenicity of a new combined measles-mumps-rubella vaccine: results of a multicentre trial. The Cooperative Group for the Study of MMR vaccines. Vaccine 2000 Jun 15;18(25):2796-803.
    Keywords: Antibodies, Viral/ Biosynthesis/ Blood/ Child, Preschool/ Comparative Study/ Double-Blind Method/ Human/ Infant/ Measles/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Measles Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Mumps/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Mumps Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Rubella/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Rubella Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Single-Blind Method/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccines, Combined/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology.

  68. Cutts FT, Abebe A, Messele T, Dejene A, Enquselassie F, Nigatu W, Nokes DJ. Sero-epidemiology of rubella in the urban population of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Epidemiol Infect 2000 Jun;124(3):467-79.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Age Factors/ Antibody Formation/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Ethiopia/ Epidemiology/ Female/ Health Surveys/ Human/ Incidence/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Male/ Middle Age/ Prevalence/ Rubella/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ Rubella Syndrome, Congenital/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ Rubella Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't.

  69. D'Argenio, P.; Arigliani, R.; Selvaggi, T. M. ReField evaluation of the clinical effectiveness of vaccines against pertusis, measles, rubella, and mumps [letter]. Vaccine 2000 Jul 1;18(26):2925-6.

    Keywords: Age Factors/ Child/ Human/ Infant/ Measles Vaccine/ Immunology/ Mumps Vaccine/ Immunology/ Pertussis Vaccine/ Immunology/ Rubella Vaccine/ Immunology.

  70. Dagan R, Fraser D. Conjugate pneumococcal vaccine and antibiotic-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae: herd immunity and reduction of otitis morbidity. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2000 May;19(5 Suppl):S79-87; discussion S88.

  71. Keywords: Antibiotics/ Pharmacology/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Drug Resistance, Microbial/ Female/ Human/ Infant/ Male/ Morbidity/ Trends/ Otitis Media/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Pneumococcal Infections/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Sensitivity and Specificity/ Serotyping/ Streptococcus Pneumoniae/ Drug Effects/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Conjugate/ Administration & Dosage.

  72. Daniel-Ribeiro CT. Is there a role for autoimmunity in immune protection against malaria? Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2000 Mar-2000 Apr 30;95(2):199-207.
    Keywords: Animal/ Autoantibodies/ Immunology/ Autoimmune Diseases/ Immunology/ Autoimmunity/ Human/ Malaria/ Immunology/ Malaria Vaccines/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't.

  73. Darden PM. Assessing immunization rates: the importance of denominators [editorial]. Pediatrics 2000 Jul;106(1 Pt 2):169-70.
    Keywords: Ambulatory Care/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Child/ Human/ Immunization/ Utilization.

  74. Davis ID. An overview of cancer immunotherapy. Immunol Cell Biol 2000 Jun;78(3):179-95.
    Keywords: Adjuvants, Immunologic/ Therapeutic Use/ Animal/ Antibodies, Monoclonal/ Therapeutic Use/ Antigens, Neoplasm/ Immunology/ Therapeutic Use/ Clinical Trials/ Human/ Immunization, Passive/ Immunotherapy/ Immunotherapy, Active/ Neoplasms/ Therapy/ Peptides/ Immunology/ Therapeutic Use.

  75. de La Rosa JM, Escobedo M. Tuberculosis and other infectious diseases in the adolescent immigrant. Adolesc Med 2000 Jun;11(2):453-66.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Communicable Diseases/ Diagnosis/ Etiology/ Emigration and Immigration/ Hepatitis, Viral, Human/ Diagnosis/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Prevention & Control/ Immunization/ Tuberculosis/ Diagnosis/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Therapy.

  76. de Melker HE, Schellekens JF, Neppelenbroek SE, Mooi FR, Rumke HC, Conyn-van Spaendonck MA. Reemergence of pertussis in the highly vaccinated population of the Netherlands: observations on surveillance data. Emerg Infect Dis 2000 Jul-2000 Aug 31;6(4):348-57.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Age Distribution/ Antibodies, Bacterial/ Blood/ Bordetella Pertussis/ Immunology/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Disease Notification/ Disease Outbreaks/ Hospitalization/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Human/ Incidence/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Netherlands/ Epidemiology/ Pertussis Vaccine/ Immunology/ Population Surveillance/ Seasons/ Vaccination/ Whooping Cough/ Diagnosis/ Epidemiology.

  77. De Serres G. An Advisory Committee Statement (ASC). National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI). Statement on adult/adolescent formulation of combined acellular pertussis, tetanus, and diphtheria vaccine. Can Commun Dis Rep 2000 May 1;26:1-8.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Canada/ Child/ Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Middle Age.

  78. Doganci, L.; Saracli, M. A.; Guney, C. Am J Gastroenterol 2000 Aug;95(8):2137.
    Keywords: Drug Administration Schedule/ Drug Costs/ Hepatitis Antibodies/ Analysis/ Hepatitis B Virus/ Immunology/ Human/ Students, Nursing/ Turkey/ Viral Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Economics/ Therapeutic Use.

  79. Donald PR. Preventing tuberculosis in childhood. Indian J Pediatr 2000 May;67(5):383-5.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Antitubercular Agents/ Therapeutic Use/ Bcg Vaccine/ Child/ Human/ Mycobacterium Tuberculosis/ Tuberculosis/ Drug Therapy/ Prevention & Control.

  80. Eder JP, Kantoff PW, Roper K, Xu GX, Bubley GJ, Boyden J, Gritz L, Mazzara G, Oh WK, Arlen P, et al. A phase I trial of a recombinant vaccinia virus expressing prostate-specific antigen in advanced prostate cancer. Clin Cancer Res 2000 May;6(5):1632-8.
    Keywords: Adult/ Aged/ Antibodies/ Blood/ Drug Effects/ Cancer Vaccines/ Adverse Effects/ Genetics/ Therapeutic Use/ Dose-Response Relationship, Drug/ Dna, Recombinant/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Fever/ Chemically Induced/ Human/ Male/ Middle Age/ Prostate-Specific Antigen/ Blood/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Prostatic Neoplasms/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Tachycardia/ Chemically Induced/ Treatment Outcome/ Vaccinia Virus/ Genetics.

  81. Ekwueme DU, Strebel PM, Hadler SC, Meltzer MI, Allen JW, Livengood JR. Economic evaluation of use of diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine or diphtheria, tetanus, and whole-cell pertussis vaccine in the United States, 1997. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2000 Aug;154(8):797-803.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Cost Savings/ Cost-Benefit Analysis/ Diphtheria Toxoid/ Economics/ Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine/ Economics/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Economics/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Tetanus Toxoid/ Economics/ United States.

  82. Ellett ML. Hepatitis A, B, and D. Gastroenterol Nurs 1999 Nov-1999 Dec 31;22(6):236-44.
    Keywords: Disease Outbreaks/ Prevention & Control/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Hepatitis a/ Epidemiology/ Therapy/ Transmission/ Virology/ Hepatitis B/ Epidemiology/ Therapy/ Transmission/ Virology/ Hepatitis C/ Epidemiology/ Therapy/ Transmission/ Virology/ Human/ Primary Prevention/ Methods/ Vaccination.

  83. Elliman, D.; Bedford, H. Perhaps it is not time to switch from whole cell to acellular pertussis vaccine [letter]. BMJ 2000 Aug 12;321(7258):451-2.
    Keywords: Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Great Britain/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Pertussis Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Whooping Cough/ Prevention & Control.

  84. Ellner JJ, Hirsch CS, Whalen CC. Correlates of protective immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis in humans. Clin Infect Dis 2000 Jun;30 Suppl 3:S279-82.
    Keywords: Animal/ Antigens, Bacterial/ Immunology/ Biological Markers/ Bcg Vaccine/ Immunology/ Clinical Trials/ Human/ Interferon Type Ii/ Blood/ Mycobacterium Tuberculosis/ Immunology/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/ Immunology/ Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control.

  85. Elphinstone, P. The MMR question [letter]. Lancet 2000 Jul 8;356(9224):161.
    Keywords: Autistic Disorder/ Chemically Induced/ Causality/ Child/ Child Welfare/ Conflict of Interest/ Legislation & Jurisprud/ England/ Evidence-Based Medicine/ Human/ Malpractice/ Legislation & Jurisprud/ Measles Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Mumps Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Rubella Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Vaccines, Combined/ Adverse Effects.

  86. Fanutti C, Del Pozzo G, De Berardinis P, Guardiola J, Deng LW, Perham RN. Phage-display of antigenic peptides applied to vaccine design. Biochem Soc Trans 1998 Feb;26(1):S8.
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence/ Bacteriophages/ Genetics/ Escherichia Coli/ Genetics/ Human/ Molecular Sequence Data/ Peptides/ Chemistry/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccines, Synthetic/ Genetics.

  87. Felt BT, Mollen E, Diaz S, Renaud E, Zeglis M, Wheatcroft G, Mendelow D. Behavioral interventions reduce infant distress at immunization. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2000 Jul;154(7):719-24.
    Keywords: Adaptation, Psychological/ Arousal/ Physiology/ Behavior Therapy/ Female/ Human/ Hydrocortisone/ Analysis/ Infant/ Male/ Parents/ Education/ Psychology/ Saliva/ Chemistry/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccination/ Psychology.

  88. Franzini L, Rosenthal J, Spears W, Martin HS, Balderas L, Brown M, Milne G, Drutz J, Evans D, Kozinetz C, et al. Cost-effectiveness of childhood immunization reminder/recall systems in urban private practices. Pediatrics 2000 Jul;106(1 Pt 2):177-83.
    Keywords: Cost-Benefit Analysis/ Human/ Immunization/ Economics/ Infant/ Postal Service/ Private Practice/ Economics/ Reminder Systems/ Economics/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Telephone/ Urban Health.

  89. French N, Nakiyingi J, Carpenter LM, Lugada E, Watera C, Moi K, Moore M, Antvelink D, Mulder D, Janoff EN, et al. 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in HIV-1-infected Ugandan adults: double-blind, randomised and placebo controlled trial. Lancet 2000 Jun 17;355(9221):2106-11.
    Keywords: Adult/ Aids-Related Opportunistic Infections/ Prevention & Control/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Cd4 Lymphocyte Count/ Disease-Free Survival/ Double-Blind Method/ Female/ Human/ Hiv Infections/ Complications/ Hiv-1/ Male/ Pneumococcal Infections/ Mortality/ Prevention & Control/ Proportional Hazards Models/ Streptococcus Pneumoniae/ Isolation & Purif/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Support, U.s. Gov't, Non-P.h.s./ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Uganda.

  90. Galama, J. M. Vaccinations as risk factors for Type I diabetes mellitus [letter]. Diabetologia 2000 May;43(5):684.
    Keywords: Child, Preschool/ Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent/ Etiology/ Human/ Risk Factors/ Vaccination/ Adverse Effects.

  91. Gallup, R. The MMR question [letter]. Lancet 2000 Jul 8;356(9224):161-2.
    Keywords: Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems/ Autistic Disorder/ Chemically Induced/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ Bias (Epidemiology)/ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.s.)/ Child/ Disease Outbreaks/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Great Britain/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Measles Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Mumps Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Population Surveillance/ Reproducibility of Results/ Research Design/ Standards/ Rubella Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ United States/ Epidemiology/ Vaccines, Combined/ Adverse Effects.

  92. Garpenholt O, Hugosson S, Fredlund H, Giesecke J, Olcen P. Invasive disease due to Haemophilus influenzae type b during the first six years of general vaccination of Swedish children [see comments]. Acta Paediatr 2000 Apr;89(4):471-4.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Haemophilus Influenzae Type B/ Haemophilus Infections/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Sweden/ Epidemiology/ Treatment Outcome/ Vaccination.

  93. Gavrilin GV, Cherkasova EA, Lipskaya GY, Kew OM, Agol VI. Evolution of circulating wild poliovirus and of vaccine-derived poliovirus in an immunodeficient patient: a unifying model. J Virol 2000 Aug;74(16):7381-90.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Amino Acid Sequence/ Capsid/ Genetics/ Child/ Codon/ Cysteine Endopeptidases/ Genetics/ Evolution, Molecular/ Genome, Viral/ Human/ Immunocompromised Host/ Molecular Sequence Data/ Mutation/ Nucleic Acid Conformation/ Poliomyelitis/ Virology/ Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral/ Polioviruses, Human 1-3/ Classification/ Genetics/ Sequence Analysis, Dna/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Time Factors/ Viral Nonstructural Proteins/ Genetics.

  94. Gelbart M. Measles: the child slayer. Nurs Times 1999 Nov 3-1999 Nov 9;95(44):46-7.
    Keywords: Child/ History of Medicine, Ancient/ History of Medicine, 20th Cent./ Human/ Measles/ Diagnosis/ History/ Therapy/ Pediatric Nursing/ History/ Vaccination/ History/ World Health.

  95. Gershon, A. A.; Perkin, R. T. Herpes zoster [letter]. N Engl J Med 2000 Jul 20;343(3):222; discussion 223.
    Keywords: Aged/ Central Nervous System Diseases/ Etiology/ Chickenpox/ Complications/ Keyword: Chickenpox Vaccine/ Child/ Human/ Virus Activation.

  96. Gherardi MM, Ramirez JC, Esteban M. Interleukin-12 (IL-12) enhancement of the cellular immune response against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 env antigen in a DNA prime/vaccinia virus boost vaccine regimen is time and dose dependent: suppressive effects of IL-12 boost are mediated by nitric oxide. J Virol 2000 Jul;74(14):6278-86.
    Keywords: Animal/ Cytokines/ Secretion/ Cd8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/ Immunology/ Dose-Response Relationship, Immunologic/ Gene Products, Env/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Genetic Vectors/ Human/ Hiv-1/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Immune Tolerance/ Immunity, Cellular/ Immunization, Secondary/ Interleukin-12/ Immunology/ Pharmacology/ Mice/ Mice, Inbred Balb C/ Nitric Oxide/ Metabolism/ Spleen/ Pathology/ Secretion/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Th1 Cells/ Secretion/ Th2 Cells/ Secretion/ Time Factors/ Vaccines, Dna/ Immunology/ Pharmacology/ Vaccinia Virus/ Genetics/ Immunology.

  97. Ginsberg AM. A proposed national strategy for tuberculosis vaccine development. Clin Infect Dis 2000 Jun;30 Suppl 3:S233-42.
    Keywords: Adult/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Immunology/ Bcg Vaccine/ Immunology/ Clinical Trials/ Methods/ Health Policy/ Human/ International Cooperation/ Mycobacterium Tuberculosis/ Immunology/ Research/ Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ United States/ Epidemiology.

  98. Glassroth J. Clinical considerations in designing trials of vaccines for tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis 2000 Jun;30 Suppl 3:S229-32.
    Keywords: Bacterial Vaccines/ Immunology/ Bcg Vaccine/ Immunology/ Clinical Trials/ Methods/ Human/ Mycobacterium Tuberculosis/ Immunology/ Research Design/ Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control.

  99. Glennie L. Meningitis: a new vaccine but the vigilance must go on. Prof Care Mother Child 1999;9(5):121-3.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Adverse Effects/ Supply & Distribution/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Great Britain/ Epidemiology/ Health Education/ Human/ Infant/ Meningitis, Meningococcal/ Epidemiology/ Microbiology/ Prevention & Control/ Needs Assessment/ Safety.

  100. Golaz A, Lance-Parker S, Welty T, Schaefer L, Volmer L, LaFromboise C, Dixon J, Haase T, Kim C, Popovic T, et al. Epidemiology of diphtheria in South Dakota. S D J Med 2000 Jul;53(7):281-5.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Diphtheria/ Ethnology/ Prevention & Control/ Endemic Diseases/ Female/ Human/ Immunization/ Indians, North American/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Male/ Middle Age/ Population Surveillance/ South Dakota/ Epidemiology.

  101. Gomi Y, Imagawa T, Takahashi M, Yamanishi K. Oka varicella vaccine is distinguishable from its parental virus in DNA sequence of open reading frame 62 and its transactivation activity. J Med Virol 2000 Aug;61(4):497-503.
    Keywords: Cells, Cultured/ Chickenpox Vaccine/ Genetics/ Comparative Study/ Dna Primers/ Genes, Immediate-Early/ Glycoproteins/ Genetics/ Herpesvirus 3, Human/ Genetics/ Mutation/ Open Reading Frames/ Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length/ Promoter Regions (Genetics)/ Trans-Activation (Genetics)/ Transfection/ Vaccines, Attenuated/ Genetics/ Viral Envelope Proteins/ Genetics.

  102. Gonik B, Jones T, Contreras D, Fasano N, Roberts C. The obstetrician-gynecologist's role in vaccine-preventable diseases and immunization. Obstet Gynecol 2000 Jul;96(1):81-4.
    Keywords: Female/ Gynecology/ Health Care Surveys/ Human/ Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice/ Male/ Michigan/ Obstetrics/ Physician's Role/ Vaccination/ Utilization.

  103. Gotch F, Rutebemberwa A, Jones G, Imami N, Gilmour J, Kaleebu P, Whitworth J. Vaccines for the control of HIV/AIDS. Trop Med Int Health 2000 Jul;5(7):A16-21.
    Keywords: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/ Prevention & Control/ Aids Vaccines/ Human/ Hiv Infections/ Prevention & Control/ Hiv-1/ Genetics/ Immunology.

  104. Grabenstein JD. Smoking and the need for vaccination. J Am Pharm Assoc 2000 Jul-2000 Aug 31;40(4):562.
    Keywords: Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Human/ Influenza/ Prevention & Control/ Influenza Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Pneumonia, Pneumococcal/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Prevention & Control/ Risk Factors/ Smoking/ Adverse Effects.

  105. Gray-Grant D. Beware of all types of bat exposure, BC MDs warned [news]. CMAJ 2000 Jun 27;162(13):1862-3.
    Keywords: Animal/ British Columbia/ Child/ Chiroptera/ Virology/ Female/ Human/ Rabies/ Prevention & Control/ Transmission/ Rabies Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage.

  106. Greenberg SB. 'Bacilli and bullets': William Osler and the antivaccination movement. South Med J 2000 Aug;93(8):763-7.
    Keywords: Attitude to Health/ Great Britain/ History of Medicine, 19th Cent./ History of Medicine, 20th Cent./ Human/ Male/ Military Medicine/ History/ Politics/ Smallpox Vaccine/ History/ Typhoid-Paratyphoid Vaccines/ History/ Vaccination/ History/ War/ History.

  107. Greenberg SB, Allen M, Wilson J, Atmar RL. Respiratory viral infections in adults with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000 Jul;162(1):167-73.
    Keywords: Aged/ Female/ Hospitalization/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Human/ Influenza Vaccine/ Longitudinal Studies/ Lung Diseases, Obstructive/ Complications/ Male/ Middle Age/ Respiratory Tract Diseases/ Complications/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Virology/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Time Factors/ Virus Diseases/ Complications/ Epidemiology.

  108. Griffin DD, Kirkwood CD, Parashar UD, Woods PA, Bresee JS, Glass RI, Gentsch JR. Surveillance of rotavirus strains in the United States: identification of unusual strains. The National Rotavirus Strain Surveillance System collaborating laboratories. J Clin Microbiol 2000 Jul;38(7):2784-7.
    Keywords: Child/ Child, Preschool/ Feces/ Virology/ Human/ Population Surveillance/ Rotavirus/ Classification/ Immunology/ Isolation & Purif/ Rotavirus Infections/ Epidemiology/ Microbiology/ Seasons/ Serotyping/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ United States/ Epidemiology/ Vaccination/ Viral Vaccines.

  109. Hagan P, Doenhoff MJ, Wilson RA, Al-Sherbiny M, Bergquist R. Schistosomiasis vaccines: a response to a devils' advocate's view. Parasitol Today 2000 Aug;16(8):322-3.
    Keywords: Animal/ Antigens, Helminth/ Immunology/ Clinical Trials/ Human/ Schistosoma/ Immunology/ Schistosomiasis/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Vaccination/ Vaccines/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology.

  110. Hanlon M, Nambiar R, Kakakios A, McIntyre P, Land M, Devine P. Pertussis antibody levels in infants immunized with an acellular pertussis component vaccine, measured using whole-cell pertussis ELISA. Immunol Cell Biol 2000 Jun;78(3):254-8.
    Keywords: Antibodies, Bacterial/ Blood/ Bordetella Pertussis/ Immunology/ Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/ Methods/ Human/ Igg/ Blood/ Infant/ Pertussis Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Reagent Kits, Diagnostic/ Whooping Cough/ Diagnosis/ Prevention & Control.

  111. Hara T, Yamashita S, Aiba H, Nihei K, Koide N, Good RA, Takeshita K. Measles virus-specific T helper 1/T helper 2-cytokine production in subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. J Neurovirol 2000 Apr;6(2):121-6.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Chickenpox Vaccine/ Immunology/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Comparative Study/ Disease Progression/ Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/ Female/ Human/ Immunity, Cellular/ Interferon Type Ii/ Biosynthesis/ Deficiency/ Physiology/ Secretion/ Interleukins/ Biosynthesis/ Secretion/ Lymphokines/ Biosynthesis/ Secretion/ Male/ Measles Vaccine/ Immunology/ Measles Virus/ Immunology/ Pathogenicity/ Mumps Vaccine/ Immunology/ Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis/ Immunology/ Virology/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Th1 Cells/ Secretion/ Th2 Cells/ Secretion/ Vaccines, Attenuated/ Immunology.

  112. Hardy A. "Straight back to barbarism": antityphoid inoculation and the Great War, 1914. Bull Hist Med 2000 Summer;74(2):265-90.
    Keywords: Disease Outbreaks/ History/ Great Britain/ History of Medicine, 20th Cent./ Human/ Military Personnel/ History/ Typhoid/ History/ Typhoid-Paratyphoid Vaccines/ History/ War/ History.

  113. Harrison LH. Preventing meningococcal infection in college students. Clin Infect Dis 2000 Apr;30(4):648-51.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Meningococcal Infections/ Epidemiology/ Microbiology/ Prevention & Control/ Neisseria Meningitidis/ Risk Factors/ Student Health Services/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ United States/ Epidemiology.

  114. Hawk DL. Tick, tick, ticking away.... Pa Med 2000 Summer;Suppl:9.
    Keywords: Antibiotics/ Therapeutic Use/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Human/ Lyme Disease/ Diagnosis/ Drug Therapy/ Prevention & Control/ Tick Infestations.

  115. Heikkinen T, Chonmaitree T. Increasing importance of viruses in acute otitis media. Ann Med 2000 Apr;32(3):157-63.
    Keywords: Acute Disease/ Child/ Eustachian Tube/ Physiopathology/ Human/ Influenza Vaccine/ Therapeutic Use/ Otitis Media/ Drug Therapy/ Immunology/ Physiopathology/ Virology/ Respiratory Tract Infections/ Virology/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Treatment Failure.

  116. Hennessey KA, Marx A, Hafiz R, Ashgar H, Hadler SC, Jafari H, Sutter RW. Widespread paralytic poliomyelitis in Pakistan: A case-control study to determine risk factors and implications for poliomyelitis eradication. J Infect Dis 2000 Jul;182(1):6-11.
    Keywords: Case-Control Studies/ Child, Preschool/ Health Services Accessibility/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Infant/ Pakistan/ Epidemiology/ Patient Acceptance of Health Care/ Patient Compliance/ Poliomyelitis/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral/ Administration & Dosage/ Therapeutic Use/ Risk Factors/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccination.

  117. Hingorani AD, Cross J, Kharbanda RK, Mullen MJ, Bhagat K, Taylor M, Donald AE, Palacios M, Griffin GE, Deanfield JE, et al. Acute systemic inflammation impairs endothelium-dependent dilatation in humans. Circulation 2000 Aug 29;102(9):994-9.
    Keywords: Acetylcholine/ Pharmacology/ Adult/ Analysis of Variance/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Blood Flow Velocity/ Brachial Artery/ Bradykinin/ Pharmacology/ Endothelium, Vascular/ Drug Effects/ Physiopathology/ Female/ Forearm/ Human/ Inflammation/ Blood/ Chemically Induced/ Drug Therapy/ Physiopathology/ Interleukin-1/ Blood/ Interleukin-6/ Blood/ Male/ Nitroglycerin/ Pharmacology/ Regional Blood Flow/ Drug Effects/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Time Factors/ Tumor Necrosis Factor/ Analysis/ Typhoid/ Prevention & Control/ Vaccines, Attenuated/ Administration & Dosage/ Vasodilation/ Drug Effects/ Vasodilator Agents/ Pharmacology/ Therapeutic Use/ Verapamil/ Pharmacology.

  118. Hodge JW, Schlom J. Costimulatory molecules in vaccine design. Ernst Schering Res Found Workshop 2000;(30):23-52.
    Keywords: Adjuvants, Immunologic/ Administration & Dosage/ Animal/ Antigens, Cd58/ Genetics/ Antigens, Cd80/ Genetics/ Antigens, Neoplasm/ Administration & Dosage/ Genetics/ Cancer Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Genetics/ Carcinoembryonic Antigen/ Genetics/ Genetic Vectors/ Human/ Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/ Genetics/ Mice/ Mucins/ Genetics/ Neoplasms/ Immunology/ Therapy/ Poxviridae/ Genetics/ Immunology/ T-Lymphocytes/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Combined/ Administration & Dosage/ Genetics/ Vaccinia Virus/ Genetics/ Immunology.

  119. Hoft DF, Brown RM, Belshe RB. Mucosal bacille calmette-Guerin vaccination of humans inhibits delayed-type hypersensitivity to purified protein derivative but induces mycobacteria-specific interferon-gamma responses. Clin Infect Dis 2000 Jun;30 Suppl 3:S217-22.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Bcg Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Double-Blind Method/ Human/ Hypersensitivity, Delayed/ Immunology/ Immunity, Mucosal/ Immunization, Secondary/ Interferon Type Ii/ Biosynthesis/ Middle Age/ Mycobacterium Tuberculosis/ Immunology/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Tuberculin/ Immunology/ Vaccination.

  120. Holt PG, Rudin A, Macaubas C, Holt BJ, Rowe J, Loh R, Sly PD. Development of immunologic memory against tetanus toxoid and pertactin antigens from the diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine in atopic versus nonatopic children. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2000 Jun;105(6 Pt 1):1117-22.
    Keywords: Antibody Formation/ Antigens/ Immunology/ Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/ Immunology/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Cytokines/ Biosynthesis/ Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine/ Chemistry/ Immunology/ Human/ Hypersensitivity, Immediate/ Immunology/ Metabolism/ Immunologic Memory/ Interferon Type Ii/ Biosynthesis/ Interleukin-4/ Genetics/ Interleukin-9/ Genetics/ Rna, Messenger/ Metabolism/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Tetanus Toxoid/ Immunology.

  121. Homer MJ, Aguilar-Delfin I, Telford SR 3rd, Krause PJ, Persing DH. Babesiosis. Clin Microbiol Rev 2000 Jul;13(3):451-69.
    Keywords: Animal/ Babesia/ Classification/ Immunology/ Physiology/ Babesiosis/ Diagnosis/ Prevention & Control/ Therapy/ Disease Susceptibility/ Human/ Phylogeny/ Protozoan Vaccines/ Immunology/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccines, Synthetic/ Immunology.

  122. Horsburgh CR Jr. A large, simple trial of a tuberculosis vaccine. Clin Infect Dis 2000 Jun;30 Suppl 3:S213-6.
    Keywords: Adult/ Bcg Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Developed Countries/ Developing Countries/ Human/ Randomized Controlled Trials/ Methods/ Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control.

  123. Hull BP, McIntyre PB. A re-evaluation of immunisation coverage estimates from the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register. Commun Dis Intell 2000 Jun;24(6):161-4.
    Keywords: Algorithms/ Australia/ Epidemiology/ Child, Preschool/ Communicable Disease Control/ Methods/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Communicable Diseases/ Epidemiology/ Comparative Study/ Disease Notification/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Human/ Immunization/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Infant/ Registries/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Retrospective Studies.

  124. Hutchins SS, Sherrod J, Bernier R. Assessing immunization coverage in private practice. J Natl Med Assoc 2000 Apr;92(4):163-8.
    Keywords: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.s.)/ Child, Preschool/ Human/ Immunization/ Utilization/ Infant/ Private Practice/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Quality Assurance, Health Care/ Methods/ Software/ United States/ Utilization Review.

  125. Huth MM. Children's responses to immunizations: lullabies as distraction. J Child Fam Nurs 1999 Nov-1999 Dec 31;2(6):432-3.
    Keywords: Child/ Child, Preschool/ Human/ Immunization/ Adverse Effects/ Music Therapy/ Methods/ Pain/ Nursing/ Prevention & Control/ Pediatric Nursing/ Methods.

  126. Iizuka, M.; Itou, H.; Chiba, M., et al. The MMR question [letter]. Lancet 2000 Jul 8;356(9224):161. Antigens, Viral/ Analysis/ Immunology/ Autistic Disorder/ Etiology/ Bias (Epidemiology)/
    Keywords: Case-Control Studies/ Cross Reactions/ Human/ Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/ Etiology/ Immunology/ Pathology/ Measles/ Complications/ Measles Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Measles Virus/ Immunology/ Molecular Mimicry/ Mumps Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Reproducibility of Results/ Rubella Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Vaccines, Combined/ Adverse Effects.

  127. Impicciatore P, Bosetti C, Schiavio S, Pandolfini C, Bonati M. Mothers as active partners in the prevention of childhood diseases: maternal factors related to immunization status of preschool children in Italy. Prev Med 2000 Jul;31(1):49-55.
    Keywords: Analysis of Variance/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Communicable Disease Control/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Confidence Intervals/ Educational Status/ Female/ Human/ Immunization/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Infant/ Italy/ Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice/ Logistic Models/ Male/ Mothers/ Odds Ratio/ Questionnaires/ Sampling Studies/ Socioeconomic Factors/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't.

  128. Jacobs RJ, Margolis HS, Coleman PJ. The cost-effectiveness of adolescent hepatitis A vaccination in states with the highest disease rates. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2000 Aug;154(8):763-70.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Cost-Benefit Analysis/ Decision Support Techniques/ Female/ Hepatitis a/ Economics/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Male/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ United States/ Vaccination/ Economics.

  129. Jacobson SH, Sewell EC, Deuson R, Weniger BG. An integer programming model for vaccine procurement and delivery for childhood immunization: a pilot study. Health Care Manag Sci 1999 Jan;2(1):1-9.
    Keywords: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.s.)/ Child Welfare/ Drug Costs/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Organization & Admin/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Models, Organizational/ Operations Research/ Pilot Projects/ United States/ Vaccines/ Economics/ Supply & Distribution.

  130. Jain, S.; Chopra, H.; Singh, J. V., et al. Need for strengthening immunization services in villages [letter]. Indian Pediatr 1999 Jun;36(6):619.
    Keywords: Breast Feeding/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Data Collection/ Human/ Immunization/ Statistics & Numer Data/ India/ Infant/ Rural Health Services/ Statistics & Numer Data.

  131. John TJ. The final stages of the global eradication of polio [comment] [editorial]. N Engl J Med 2000 Sep 14;343(11):806-7.
    Keywords: Antibodies, Viral/ Blood/ Developing Countries/ Human/ Immunization, Secondary/ Poliomyelitis/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Poliovirus Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Economics/ Immunology/ Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Polioviruses, Human 1-3/ Immunology/ Seroepidemiologic Studies.

  132. Kane B. HIV vaccines: inch by inch. Ann Intern Med 2000 Sep 19;133(6):489.
    Keywords: Aids Vaccines/ Human.

  133. Kang HK, Mahan CM, Lee KY, Magee CA, Murphy FM. Illnesses among United States veterans of the Gulf War: a population-based survey of 30,000 veterans. J Occup Environ Med 2000 May;42(5):491-501.
    Keywords: Adult/ Chronic Disease/ Epidemiology/ Comparative Study/ Female/ Health Services/ Utilization/ Health Status/ Health Surveys/ Human/ Male/ Middle East/ Morbidity/ Questionnaires/ Random Allocation/ Risk Factors/ Support, U.s. Gov't, Non-P.h.s./ United States/ Epidemiology/ Vaccines/ Veterans/ Statistics & Numer Data/ War.

  134. Kanra G, Yalcin SS, Ceyhan M, Yurdakok K. Clinical trial to evaluate immunogenicity and safety of inactivated hepatitis A vaccination starting at 2-month-old children. Turk J Pediatr 2000 Apr-2000 Jun 30;42(2):105-8.
    Keywords: Age Factors/ Hepatitis a/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Hepatitis Antibodies/ Blood/ Hepatovirus/ Immunology/ Human/ Infant/ Vaccines, Inactivated/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Viral Hepatitis Vaccines/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology.

  135. Klein DL. From pertussis to tuberculosis: what can be learned? Clin Infect Dis 2000 Jun;30 Suppl 3:S302-8.
    Keywords: Adult/ Bordetella Pertussis/ Immunology/ Bcg Vaccine/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Clinical Trials/ Methods/ Human/ Pertussis Vaccine/ Tuberculosis/ Prevention & Control/ Whooping Cough/ Prevention & Control.

  136. Kramarz P, DeStefano F, Gargiullo PM, Davis RL, Chen RT, Mullooly JP, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Bohlke K, Ward JI, et al. Does influenza vaccination exacerbate asthma? Analysis of a large cohort of children with asthma. Vaccine Safety Datalink Team. Arch Fam Med 2000 Jul;9(7):617-23.
    Keywords: Asthma/ Epidemiology/ Physiopathology/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Cohort Studies/ Female/ Human/ Incidence/ Infant/ Influenza Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Male/ Retrospective Studies.

  137. Krieg AM. CpG oligonucleotides as immune adjuvants. Ernst Schering Res Found Workshop 2000;(30):105-18.
    Keywords: Adjuvants, Immunologic/ Adverse Effects/ Genetics/ Pharmacology/ Animal/ B-Lymphocytes/ Immunology/ Base Sequence/ Cancer Vaccines/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Pharmacology/ Cpg Islands/ Cytokines/ Biosynthesis/ Human/ Mice/ Neoplasms/ Immunology/ Therapy/ Oligodeoxyribonucleotides/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Pharmacology/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Support, U.s. Gov't, Non-P.h.s./ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Vaccines, Dna/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Pharmacology.

  138. Kumar G, Anand K, Kant S, Kapoor SK. Scale for identification of "at risk" families for underfive deaths. Indian J Pediatr 2000 Jun;67(6):411-7.
    Keywords: Case-Control Studies/ Child, Preschool/ Female/ Human/ India/ Epidemiology/ Infant/ Infant Mortality/ Infant, Newborn/ Logistic Models/ Male/ Measles/ Mortality/ Prevention & Control/ Measles Vaccine/ Risk Assessment/ Risk Factors/ Socioeconomic Factors.

  139. Kurane I, Takasaki T. Immunogenicity and protective efficacy of the current inactivated Japanese encephalitis vaccine against different Japanese encephalitis virus strains. Vaccine 2000 May 26;18 Suppl 2:33-5.
    Keywords: Animal/ Encephalitis Virus, Japanese/ Immunology/ Encephalitis, Japanese/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Species Specificity/ Vaccines, Inactivated/ Immunology/ Therapeutic Use/ Viral Vaccines/ Immunology/ Therapeutic Use.

  140. Laan MP, Baert MR, Bijl AM, Vredendaal AE, De Waard-van der Spek FB, Oranje AP, Savelkoul HF, Neijens HJ. Markers for early sensitization and inflammation in relation to clinical manifestations of atopic disease up to 2 years of age in 133 high-risk children. Clin Exp Allergy 2000 Jul;30(7):944-53.
    Keywords: Allergens/ Adverse Effects/ Asthma/ Blood/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Biological Markers/ Blood/ Child, Preschool/ Dermatitis, Atopic/ Blood/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ E-Selectin/ Blood/ Eosinophils/ Immunology/ Food Hypersensitivity/ Blood/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Human/ Ige/ Blood/ Immunization/ Infant, Newborn/ Leukocyte Count/ Lymphocyte Transformation/ Netherlands/ Epidemiology/ Prevalence/ Prospective Studies/ Respiratory Hypersensitivity/ Blood/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Risk Factors/ Skin Tests/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Time Factors.

  141. Lai JC, Hamid PN, Cheng ST. Health beliefs and optimism as predictors of preventive health decisions in Hong Kong Chinese. Psychol Rep 2000 Jun;86(3 Pt 2):1059-70.
    Keywords: Adult/ Attitude to Health/ Decision Making/ Disease Susceptibility/ Psychology/ Ethnic Groups/ Psychology/ Female/ Hong Kong/ Human/ Influenza/ Prevention & Control/ Psychology/ Influenza Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Male/ Primary Prevention/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't.

  142. Larsen CE, Xu J, Lee S, Dubey DP, Uko G, Yunis EJ, Alper CA. Complex cytokine responses to hepatitis B surface antigen and tetanus toxoid in responders, nonresponders and subjects naive to hepatitis B surface antigen. Vaccine 2000 Jul 1;18(26):3021-30.
    Keywords: Adult/ Aged/ Cytokines/ Biosynthesis/ Genetics/ Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/ Immunology/ Human/ Interleukin-10/ Biosynthesis/ Interleukin-2/ Biosynthesis/ Interleukin-4/ Biosynthesis/ Lymphocyte Transformation/ Middle Age/ Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction/ Rna, Messenger/ Analysis/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Tetanus Toxoid/ Immunology/ Vaccination.

  143. Laskey AL, Johnson TR, Dagartzikas MI, Tobias JD. Endocarditis attributable to group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus after uncomplicated varicella in a vaccinated child. Pediatrics 2000 Sep;106(3):E40.
    Keywords: Aortic Valve Insufficiency/ Etiology/ Bacteremia/ Complications/ Case Report/ Chickenpox/ Complications/ Chickenpox Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Child, Preschool/ Endocarditis, Bacterial/ Complications/ Heart Failure, Congestive/ Etiology/ Human/ Male/ Mitral Valve Insufficiency/ Etiology/ Streptococcal Infections/ Complications/ Streptococcus Pyogenes/ Time Factors.

  144. Law B, Scheifele D, MacDonald N, Halperin S, Dery P, Jadavji T, Lebel M, Mills E, Morris R, Vaudry W, et al. The Immunization Monitoring Program-active (IMPACT) prospective surveillance of varicella zoster infections among hospitalized Canadian Children: 1991-1996. Can Commun Dis Rep 2000 Aug 1;26(15):125-31.
    Keywords: Canada/ Epidemiology/ Chickenpox/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Chickenpox Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Child, Preschool/ Hospitals, Pediatric/ Utilization/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Organization & Admin/ Longitudinal Studies/ National Health Programs/ Population Surveillance/ Prospective Studies/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't.

  145. Leask, J. A.; Chapman, S.; Hawe, P. Concerns about immunisation. Facts are not enough [letter]. BMJ 2000 Jul 8;321(7253):109.
    Keywords: Attitude to Health/ Data Interpretation, Statistical/ Human/ Immunization/ Adverse Effects.

  146. LeBaron CW, Massoudi M, Stevenson J, Dang H, Lyons B. The status of immunization measurement and feedback in the United States. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2000 Aug;154(8):832-6.
    Keywords: Child/ Human/ Immunization/ Legislation & Jurisprud/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Legislation, Medical/ Private Practice/ Public Health/ United States.

  147. Leef M, Elkins KL, Barbic J, Shahin RD. Protective immunity to Bordetella pertussis requires both B cells and CD4(+) T cells for key functions other than specific antibody production. J Exp Med 2000 Jun 5;191(11):1841-52.
    Keywords: Adoptive Transfer/ Animal/ Antibodies, Bacterial/ Biosynthesis/ Immunology/ B-Lymphocytes/ Immunology/ Bordetella Pertussis/ Drug Effects/ Immunology/ Cells, Cultured/ Cd4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/ Immunology/ Disease Models, Animal/ Human/ Mice/ Mice, Inbred Balb C/ Mice, Inbred C3h/ Mice, Inbred C57bl/ Mice, Knockout/ Mice, Nude/ Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, Alpha-Beta/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, Gamma-Delta/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Vaccination/ Methods/ Whooping Cough/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control.

  148. Lefilliatre P, Villeneuve JP. Fulminant hepatitis A in patients with chronic liver disease. Can J Public Health 2000 May-2000 Jun 30;91(3):168-70.
    Keywords: Adult/ Canada/ Epidemiology/ Case Report/ Chronic Disease/ Female/ Hepatitis a/ Complications/ Hepatitis B, Chronic/ Complications/ Human/ Liver Diseases, Alcoholic/ Complications/ Liver Failure/ Etiology/ Mortality/ Male/ Middle Age/ Prognosis/ Risk Factors/ Vaccination/ Viral Hepatitis Vaccines/ Therapeutic Use.

  149. Legge A. Killer in the house. Nurs Times Nurs Homes 1999 Nov-1999 Dec 31;1(4):7.
    Keywords: Aged/ Cross Infection/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Infection Control/ Methods/ Influenza/ Prevention & Control/ Nursing Homes/ Vaccination/ Methods.

  150. Leggiadro RJ, Schaberg DR. Nosocomial pneumococcal infection: an outbreak. Hosp Pract 1999 Sep 15;34(10):77-8, 81-2, 86-92.
    Keywords: Aged/ Aged, 80 and Over/ Algorithms/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Case Report/ Cross Infection/ Drug Therapy/ Epidemiology/ Microbiology/ Prevention & Control/ Disease Outbreaks/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Male/ Nursing Homes/ Penicillin Resistance/ Pneumonia, Pneumococcal/ Drug Therapy/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control.

  151. Lehmann D, Kakazo M, Yarsley S, Javati A, Taime J, Saleu G, Namuigi P, Alpers MP, Mendelman PM, Staub T. Safety and immunogenicity of Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine (PedvaxHIB) in Papua New Guinean children. P N G Med J 1998 Sep-1998 Dec 31;41(3-4):102-11.
    Keywords: Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/ Evaluation Studies/ Female/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Male/ Papua New Guinea/ Polysaccharides, Bacterial/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccines, Conjugate.

  152. Leitch HA, Palepu A, Fernandes CM. Necrotizing fasciitis secondary to group A streptococcus. Morbidity and mortality still high. Can Fam Physician 2000 Jul;46:1460-6.
    Keywords: Aged/ Antibiotics/ Therapeutic Use/ Case Report/ Fasciitis, Necrotizing/ Complications/ Diagnosis/ Epidemiology/ Therapy/ Female/ Human/ Hyperbaric Oxygenation/ Immunization, Passive/ Ontario/ Epidemiology/ Risk Factors/ Shock, Septic/ Etiology.

  153. Levine MJ, Ellison MC, Zerbe GO, Barber D, Chan C, Stinson D, Jones M, Hayward AR. Comparison of a live attenuated and an inactivated varicella vaccine to boost the varicella-specific immune response in seropositive people 55 years of age and older. Vaccine 2000 Jun 15;18(25):2915-20.
    Keywords: Aged/ Aged, 80 and Over/ Antibodies, Viral/ Biosynthesis/ Chickenpox Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Comparative Study/ Follow-up Studies/ Herpes Zoster/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Herpesvirus 3, Human/ Immunology/ Immunization, Secondary/ Methods/ Middle Age/ Random Allocation/ Vaccines, Attenuated/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Inactivated/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology.

  154. Liccardi, G.; Szepfalusi, Z.; Noschese, P., et al. The significance of chicken meat allergy without sensitization to egg proteins [letter]. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2000 Jul;85(1):84.
    Keywords: Animal/ Chickens/ Egg Proteins/ Immunology/ Food Hypersensitivity/ Etiology/ Immunology/ Human/ Immunization/ Meat/ Adverse Effects.

  155. Licciardone JC, Herron KM, Marshall MA, Woodworth RM. Factors associated with the vaccination of international travelers: a multivariate analysis. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2000 Jul;100(7):423-4, 427-31.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Aged/ Aged, 80 and Over/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Female/ Human/ Infant/ Logistic Models/ Male/ Middle Age/ Odds Ratio/ Travel/ Vaccination/ Statistics & Numer Data.

  156. Lietman T, Blower SM. Potential impact of tuberculosis vaccines as epidemic control agents. Clin Infect Dis 2000 Jun;30 Suppl 3:S316-22.
    Keywords: Bcg Vaccine/ Disease Outbreaks/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Models, Biological/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Vaccination.

  157. Liu MA, Ulmer JB. Gene-based vaccines. Mol Ther 2000 Jun;1(6):497-500.
    Keywords: Animal/ Antibody Formation/ Gene Expression/ Gene Therapy/ History of Medicine, 20th Cent./ Human/ T-Lymphocytes/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Dna/ Genetics/ History/ Immunology.

  158. Maddrey WC. Hepatitis B: an important public health issue. J Med Virol 2000 Jul;61(3):362-6.
    Keywords: Adult/ Antiviral Agents/ Therapeutic Use/ Endemic Diseases/ Hepatitis B/ Transmission/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Hepatitis B Virus/ Immunology/ Hepatitis B, Chronic/ Drug Therapy/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ World Health.

  159. Mahoney RT. Developing vaccines against HIV: options for accelerated progress. AIDS Public Policy J 1996 Spring;11(1):28-35.
    Keywords: Aids Vaccines/ Developing Countries/ Human/ Marketing of Health Services/ Private Sector/ Public Sector/ Research Support/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't.

  160. Markoff L. Points to consider in the development of a surrogate for efficacy of novel Japanese encephalitis virus vaccines. Vaccine 2000 May 26;18 Suppl 2:26-32.
    Keywords: Animal/ Clinical Trials/ Dose-Response Relationship, Immunologic/ Encephalitis Virus, Japanese/ Immunology/ Encephalitis, Japanese/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Practice Guidelines/ Vaccines, Attenuated/ Adverse Effects/ Economics/ Standards/ Therapeutic Use/ Viral Vaccines/ Adverse Effects/ Economics/ Standards/ Therapeutic Use.

  161. Marshall E. Bioterrorism. DOD retreats on plan for anthrax vaccine [news]. Science 2000 Jul 21;289(5478):382-3.
    Keywords: Anthrax/ Prevention & Control/ Bacillus Anthracis/ Immunology/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Economics/ Standards/ Supply & Distribution/ Biological Warfare/ Prevention & Control/ Capital Expenditures/ Drug Costs/ Drug Industry/ Economics/ Government Agencies/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Military Personnel/ United States/ United States Food and Drug Administration.

  162. Martin G, Lazarus A. Epidemiology and diagnosis of tuberculosis. Recognition of at-risk patients is key to prompt detection. Postgrad Med 2000 Aug;108(2):42-4, 47-50, 53-4.
    Keywords: Adult/ Aged/ Bcg Vaccine/ Human/ Risk Factors/ Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/ Diagnosis/ Epidemiology/ Microbiology/ Prevention & Control.

  163. Marwick C. FDA calls bovine-based vaccines currently safe [news]. JAMA 2000 Sep 13;284(10):1231-2.
    Keywords: Animal/ Biological Products/ Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome/ Encephalopathy, Bovine Spongiform/ Human/ Prions/ Safety/ United States/ United States Food and Drug Administration/ Vaccines.

  164. Matheson AJ, Goa KL. Diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine adsorbed (Triacelluvax; DTaP3-CB): a review of its use in the prevention of Bordetella pertussis infection. Paediatr Drugs 2000 Mar-2000 Apr 30;2(2):139-59.
    Keywords: Bordetella Pertussis/ Child/ Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Human/ Immunization, Secondary/ Whooping Cough/ Microbiology/ Prevention & Control.

  165. Mathew A, Ennis FA, Rothman AL. Transient decreases in human T cell proliferative responses following vaccinia immunization. Clin Immunol 2000 Aug;96(2):100-7.
    Keywords: Antibodies/ Antigen-Presenting Cells/ Physiology/ Antigens, Cd28/ Immunology/ Antigens, Cd3/ Immunology/ Antigens, Viral/ Immunology/ Comparative Study/ Human/ Immunization/ Interleukin-2/ Pharmacology/ Leukocytes, Mononuclear/ Radiation Effects/ Virology/ Lymphocyte Transformation/ Drug Effects/ Radiation Effects/ Recombinant Proteins/ Pharmacology/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ T-Lymphocytes/ Immunology/ Vaccinia Virus/ Immunology.

  166. Means-Markwell M, O'Neil KM. Prevention of tuberculosis. Vigilance and infection control strategies are mainstays of efforts. Postgrad Med 2000 Aug;108(2):87-90, 93-6.
    Keywords: Bcg Vaccine/ Human/ Population Surveillance/ Risk Factors/ Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/ Diagnosis/ Prevention & Control/ Transmission.

  167. Mehta N, Levin M. Management and prevention of meningococcal disease. Hosp Pract 2000 Aug 15;35(8):75-6, 79-82, 85-6.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Amputation/ Bacteremia/ Diagnosis/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Therapy/ Case Report/ Child, Preschool/ Emergency Treatment/ Methods/ Fatal Outcome/ Female/ Great Britain/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Male/ Meningitis, Meningococcal/ Diagnosis/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Therapy/ Meningococcal Infections/ Diagnosis/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Therapy/ Primary Prevention/ Methods/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ United States/ Epidemiology/ Vaccination.

  168. Meral A, Sevinir B, Gunay U. Efficacy of immunization against hepatitis B virus infection in children with cancer. Med Pediatr Oncol 2000 Jul;35(1):47-51.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Female/ Hepatitis B/ Prevention & Control/ Hepatitis B Antibodies/ Blood/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Immunology/ Standards/ Hepatitis B Virus/ Immunology/ Human/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Acute/ Complications/ Immunology/ Lymphoma/ Complications/ Immunology/ Male/ Neoplasms/ Complications/ Immunology.

  169. Merican I. Typhoid fever: present and future. Med J Malaysia 1997 Sep;52(3):299-308; quiz 309.
    Keywords: Carrier State/ Human/ Public Health/ Typhoid/ Diagnosis/ Drug Therapy/ Epidemiology/ Typhoid-Paratyphoid Vaccines/ Immunology.

  170. Michielsen PP, Van Damme P. Hepatitis vaccination in patients with chronic liver diseases. Acta Gastroenterol Belg 2000 Jan-2000 Mar 31;63(1):1-4.
    Keywords: Chronic Disease/ Female/ Hepatitis a/ Prevention & Control/ Hepatitis B/ Prevention & Control/ Hepatitis C/ Prevention & Control/ Hepatitis, Viral, Human/ Prevention & Control/ Liver Diseases/ Prevention & Control/ Male/ Sensitivity and Specificity/ Superinfection/ Prevention & Control/ Vaccination/ Standards/ Trends/ Viral Hepatitis Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage.

  171. Miller PL, Frawley SJ, Sayward FG. IMM/Scrub: a domain-specific tool for the deduplication of vaccination history records in childhood immunization registries. Comput Biomed Res 2000 Apr;33(2):126-43.
    Keywords: Child/ Databases, Factual/ Human/ Medical Records Systems, Computerized/ Pilot Projects/ Registries/ Software/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Vaccination.

  172. Moran GJ, Talan DA, Mower W, Newdow M, Ong S, Nakase JY, Pinner RW, Childs JE. Appropriateness of rabies postexposure prophylaxis treatment for animal exposures. Emergency ID Net Study Group. JAMA 2000 Aug 23-2000 Aug 30;284(8):1001-7.
    Keywords: Algorithms/ Animal/ Animals, Domestic/ Animals, Wild/ Bites and Stings/ Complications/ Virology/ Emergency Medical Services/ Human/ Immunoglobulins/ Administration & Dosage/ Practice Guidelines/ Prospective Studies/ Rabies/ Prevention & Control/ Transmission/ Veterinary/ Rabies Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Rabies Virus/ Immunology/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ United States.

  173. Morrell, P. Concerns about immunisation. Is vaccination cause celebe or bete noir? [letter]. BMJ 2000 Jul 8;321(7253):108-9; discussion 109.
    Keywords: Attitude of Health Personnel/ Homeopathy/ Human/ Immunization/ Adverse Effects/ Societies, Medical.

  174. Morrow AL, Crews RC, Carretta HJ, Altaye M, Finch AB, Sinn JS. Effect of method of defining the active patient population on measured immunization rates in predominantly Medicaid and non-Medicaid practices. Pediatrics 2000 Jul;106(1 Pt 2):171-6.
    Keywords: Ambulatory Care/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Child, Preschool/ Comparative Study/ Human/ Immunization/ Classification/ Utilization/ Infant/ Medicaid/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Medical Records/ Outcome Assessment (Health Care)/ Pediatrics/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ United States/ Virginia.

  175. Mosier DE. Human xenograft models for virus infection. Virology 2000 Jun 5;271(2):215-9.
    Keywords: Animal/ Cell Transplantation/ Disease Models, Animal/ Forecasting/ Hematopoiesis/ Human/ Hiv Infections/ Immunology/ Therapy/ Hiv-1/ Immunology/ Physiology/ Immunization, Passive/ Immunotherapy/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Transplantation, Heterologous.

  176. Mulholland K. Evaluation of vaccines to prevent childhood pneumonia: lessons relevant to planning tuberculosis vaccine trials. Clin Infect Dis 2000 Jun;30 Suppl 3:S206-9.
    Keywords: Bacterial Vaccines/ Bcg Vaccine/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Clinical Trials/ Methods/ Haemophilus Infections/ Prevention & Control/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Human/ Pneumonia, Bacterial/ Prevention & Control/ Pneumonia, Pneumococcal/ Prevention & Control/ Streptococcus Pneumoniae/ Immunology/ Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/ Prevention & Control.

  177. Munoz FM, Galasso GJ, Gwaltney JM Jr, Hayden FG, Murphy B, Webster R, Wright P, Couch RB. Current research on influenza and other respiratory viruses: II international symposium. Antiviral Res 2000 May;46(2):91-124.
    Keywords: Adenoviridae/ Isolation & Purif/ Pathogenicity/ Animal/ Antiviral Agents/ Therapeutic Use/ Common Cold/ Etiology/ Immunology/ Disease Reservoirs/ Human/ Hiv Infections/ Complications/ Influenza/ Drug Therapy/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Orthomyxoviridae/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Respiratory Syncytial Viruses/ Immunology/ Pathogenicity/ Respiratory System/ Virology/ Tissue Transplantation/ Adverse Effects/ Vaccination.

  178. Murphy LA, Buckley C. Gianotti-Crosti syndrome in an infant following immunization. Pediatr Dermatol 2000 May-2000 Jun 30;17(3):225-6.
    Keywords: Acrodermatitis/ Etiology/ Pathology/ Case Report/ Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Adverse Effects/ Human/ Immunization/ Adverse Effects/ Infant/ Male/ Poliovirus Vaccine/ Adverse Effects.

  179. Murray M, Rasmussen Z. Measles outbreak in a northern Pakistani village: epidemiology and vaccine effectiveness. Am J Epidemiol 2000 Apr 15;151(8):811-9.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Age Factors/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Developing Countries/ Disease Outbreaks/ Female/ Health Surveys/ Human/ Immunization Schedule/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Male/ Measles/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Measles Vaccine/ Pakistan/ Epidemiology.

  180. Naniche D, Yeh A, Eto D, Manchester M, Friedman RM, Oldstone MB. Evasion of host defenses by measles virus: wild-type measles virus infection interferes with induction of Alpha/Beta interferon production. J Virol 2000 Aug;74(16):7478-84.
    Keywords: Animal/ Callithrix/ Cell Division/ Cells, Cultured/ Comparative Study/ Human/ Interferon-Alpha/ Biosynthesis/ Interferon-Beta/ Biosynthesis/ Leukocytes, Mononuclear/ Immunology/ Virology/ Measles Vaccine/ Measles Virus/ Classification/ Immunology/ Pathogenicity/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Vaccines, Attenuated/ Viral Vaccines/ Virus Replication.

  181. Nasir L. Reconnoitering the antivaccination web sites: news from the front. J Fam Pract 2000 Aug;49(8):731-3.
    Keywords: Adult/ Alternative Medicine/ Child/ Civil Rights/ Human/ Immunization/ Internet/ Public Opinion/ United States.

  182. Ohsaki M, Tsutsumi H, Takeuchi R, Seki K, Chiba S. Recent increase in the frequency of infant measles in Japan. Pediatr Int 2000 Jun;42(3):233-5.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Age Distribution/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Human/ Incidence/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Japan/ Epidemiology/ Measles/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ Retrospective Studies/ Vaccination.

  183. Olin P. Direct and indirect protection from Hib disease: may immunization of a target group lead to eradication of the disease in a population? [comment]. Acta Paediatr 2000 Apr;89(4):394-7.
    Keywords: Child, Preschool/ Haemophilus Influenzae Type B/ Haemophilus Infections/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Infant/ Sweden/ Epidemiology/ Vaccination.

  184. Opare C, Nsiire A, Awumbilla B, Akanmori BD. Human behavioural factors implicated in outbreaks of human anthrax in the Tamale municipality of northern Ghana. Acta Trop 2000 Jul 21;76(1):49-52.
    Keywords: Animal/ Anthrax/ Diagnosis/ Prevention & Control/ Bacillus Anthracis/ Behavior/ Cattle/ Developing Countries/ Female/ Ghana/ Human/ Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice/ Male/ Meat/ Microbiology/ Questionnaires/ Risk Factors/ Zoonoses.

  185. Overturf GD. American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Infectious Diseases. Technical report: prevention of pneumococcal infections, including the use of pneumococcal conjugate and polysaccharide vaccines and antibiotic prophylaxis. Pediatrics 2000 Aug;106(2 Pt 1):367-76.
    Keywords: Antibiotic Prophylaxis/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Child, Preschool/ Human/ Immunization Schedule/ Infant/ Opportunistic Infections/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Pneumococcal Infections/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Risk Factors/ Treatment Outcome/ Vaccines, Conjugate/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology.

  186. Paneth N, Kort EJ, Jurczak D, Havlichek DA Jr, Braunlich K, Moorer G, Vanderjagt D, Sienko D, Leiby P, Gibbons C. Predictors of vaccination rates during a mass meningococcal vaccination program on a college campus. J Am Coll Health 2000 Jul;49(1):7-11.
    Keywords: Adult/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Female/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Utilization/ Male/ Meningitis, Meningococcal/ Prevention & Control/ Michigan/ Epidemiology/ Neisseria Meningitidis/ Immunology/ Patient Compliance/ Sex Factors/ Student Health Services/ Utilization/ Students/ Statistics & Numer Data.

  187. Pearson L. Medical errors hit home [editorial]. Nurse Pract 2000 May;25(5):11-3.
    Keywords: Human/ Immunoglobulins/ Administration & Dosage/ Medical Errors/ Nurse Practitioners/ Rabies/ Prevention & Control/ Rabies Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage.

  188. Pemberton MN, Sloan P, Thakker NS. Oral lichenoid lesions after hepatitis B vaccination. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2000 Jun;89(6):717-9.
    Keywords: Betamethasone/ Administration & Dosage/ Biopsy/ Case Report/ Female/ Glucocorticoids, Topical/ Administration & Dosage/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Adverse Effects/ Human/ Lichenoid Eruptions/ Chemically Induced/ Diagnosis/ Drug Therapy/ Pathology/ Middle Age/ Mouth Diseases/ Chemically Induced/ Diagnosis/ Drug Therapy/ Pathology/ Mouth Mucosa/ Pathology/ Mouthwashes/ Administration & Dosage/ Remission Induction/ Time Factors/ Vaccines, Synthetic/ Adverse Effects.

  189. Peters S. Into the woods. New weapons against Lyme disease. Adv Nurse Pract 1999 Oct;7(10):53-4, 82.
    Keywords: Antibiotics, Combined/ Therapeutic Use/ Antigens, Surface/ Immunology/ Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/ Immunology/ Human/ Lyme Disease/ Drug Therapy/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ United States/ Epidemiology/ Vaccination/ Methods.

  190. Pieters R, Albers R. Screening tests for autoimmune-related immunotoxicity. Environ Health Perspect 1999 Oct;107 Suppl 5:673-7.
    Keywords: Adoptive Transfer/ Animal/ Autoimmune Diseases/ Chemically Induced/ Disease Models, Animal/ Drug Screening/ Methods/ Environmental Pollutants/ Adverse Effects/ Epitopes/ Human/ Lymph Nodes/ Drug Effects/ Immunology/ Mice/ Rats.

  191. Polychronopoulou-Androulakaki S, Panagiotou JP, Kostaridou S, Kyratzopoulou A, Haidas S. Immune response of immunocompromised children with malignancies to a recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. Pediatr Hematol Oncol 1996 Sep-1996 Oct 31;13(5):425-31.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Antineoplastic Agents/ Pharmacology/ Therapeutic Use/ Blood Transfusion/ Adverse Effects/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Comparative Study/ Female/ Greece/ Epidemiology/ Hematologic Neoplasms/ Drug Therapy/ Immunology/ Hepatitis B/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Hepatitis B Antibodies/ Biosynthesis/ Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/ Immunology/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Immunology/ Hepatitis B Virus/ Immunology/ Human/ Immunocompromised Host/ Infant/ Male/ Neoplasms/ Drug Therapy/ Immunology/ Prevalence/ Remission Induction/ Vaccination/ Vaccines, Synthetic/ Immunology.

  192. Preboth M. ACIP issues recommendations for the 2000-2001 influenza season. Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Am Fam Physician 2000 Jul 1;62(1):233-6.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Aged/ Antiviral Agents/ Therapeutic Use/ Child/ Female/ Human/ Influenza/ Drug Therapy/ Prevention & Control/ Influenza Vaccine/ Middle Age/ Pregnancy.

  193. Rao MN, Joshi N, Habibullah CM. Immunogenicity of a low dose of indigenously developed recombinant hepatitis-B vaccine in neonates and infants. Indian Pediatr 1999 Jun;36(6):581-3.
    Keywords: Hepatitis Antibodies/ Blood/ Hepatitis B/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Human/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Vaccines, Synthetic/ Immunology.

  194. Rennels MB. The rotavirus vaccine story: a clinical investigator's view. Pediatrics 2000 Jul;106(1 Pt 1):123-5.
    Keywords: Drug Approval/ Drug Evaluation/ Methods/ Human/ Infant/ Intussusception/ Etiology/ Product Surveillance, Postmarketing/ Rotavirus/ Rotavirus Infections/ Prevention & Control/ United States/ Viral Vaccines/ Adverse Effects.

  195. Riddell SR, Warren EH, Lewinsohn D, Mutimer H, Topp M, Cooper L, de Fries R, Greenberg PD. Application of T cell immunotherapy for human viral and malignant diseases. Ernst Schering Res Found Workshop 2000;(30):53-73.
    Keywords: Adoptive Transfer/ Bone Marrow Transplantation/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Cytomegalovirus Infections/ Etiology/ Immunology/ Therapy/ Human/ Hiv Infections/ Immunology/ Therapy/ Virology/ Immunotherapy/ Methods/ Leukemia/ Immunology/ Therapy/ Minor Histocompatibility Antigens/ Genetics/ Neoplasms/ Immunology/ Therapy/ T-Lymphocytes/ Immunology/ Virus Diseases/ Immunology/ Therapy/ Virus Replication.

  196. Riordan, F. A. Recommendations for using MMR vaccine in children allergic to egg should be consistent [letter]. Arch Dis Child 2000 Sep;83(3):276.
    Keywords: Child/ Child, Preschool/ Eggs/ Adverse Effects/ Food Hypersensitivity/ Complications/ Human/ Measles Vaccine/ Contraindications/ Mumps Vaccine/ Contraindications/ Practice Guidelines/ Rubella Vaccine/ Contraindications/ Vaccines, Combined/ Contraindications.

  197. Roger, J. H. The MMR question [letter]. Lancet 2000 Jul 8;356(9224):160-1. Age of Onset/ Autistic Disorder/ Chemically Induced/ Diagnosis/ Epidemiology/ Chronic Disease/ Cluster Analysis/ Evidence-Based Medicine/ Human/ Measles Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Mumps Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Regression Analysis/ Research Design/ Standards/ Rubella Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Time Factors/ Vaccines, Combined/ Adverse Effects.

  198. Rua EC, Blacarce N, Drut R. Early bacille de Calmette-Guerin vaccination and Crohn's disease: possible relationship? Pediatr Dev Pathol 2000 Sep-2000 Oct 31;3(5):501-3.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Aged/ Bcg Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Crohn Disease/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Developing Countries/ Female/ Human/ Incidence/ Male/ Middle Age/ Tuberculosis/ Prevention & Control/ World Health.

  199. Ryan EJ, Nilsson L, Kjellman N, Gothefors L, Mills KH. Booster immunization of children with an acellular pertussis vaccine enhances Th2 cytokine production and serum IgE responses against pertussis toxin but not against common allergens. Clin Exp Immunol 2000 Aug;121(2):193-200.
    Keywords: Allergens/ Diagnostic Use/ Immunology/ Antibody Specificity/ Bordetella Pertussis/ Immunology/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Human/ Hypersensitivity, Immediate/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Ige/ Blood/ Immunology/ Immunization, Secondary/ Interferon Type Ii/ Secretion/ Interleukin-4/ Secretion/ Interleukin-5/ Secretion/ Pertussis Toxins/ Immunology/ Pertussis Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Chemistry/ Immunology/ Skin Tests/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Th2 Cells/ Immunology/ Secretion/ Vaccination/ Adverse Effects.

  200. Sarangi J, Cartwright K, Stuart J, Brookes S, Morris R, Slack M. Invasive Haemophilus influenzae disease in adults. Epidemiol Infect 2000 Jun;124(3):441-7.
    Keywords: Adult/ Age Factors/ Aged/ Antibiotics/ Therapeutic Use/ Bacteremia/ Etiology/ Diagnosis, Differential/ Female/ Haemophilus Influenzae/ Isolation & Purif/ Haemophilus Infections/ Mortality/ Pathology/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Human/ Incidence/ Male/ Middle Age/ Pneumonia/ Etiology/ Retrospective Studies/ Risk Assessment/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't.

  201. Schadendorf D, Belardelli F, Ferrantini M, Parmiani G, Colombo MP. Conference on cancer vaccines. Cancer Immunol Immunother 2000 Jul;49(4-5):281-4.
    Keywords: Animal/ Antigens, Neoplasm/ Immunology/ Cancer Vaccines/ Immunology/ Therapeutic Use/ Carbohydrates/ Immunology/ Dendritic Cells/ Immunology/ Human/ Immune Tolerance/ Neoplasms/ Immunology/ Therapy/ Tumor Cells, Cultured.

  202. Schafer H, Ewig S. Pneumonia in the elderly--what makes the difference? Wien Klin Wochenschr 2000 Jul 7;112(13):566-75.
    Keywords: Age Factors/ Aged/ Antibiotics/ Therapeutic Use/ Confusion/ Etiology/ Diagnosis, Differential/ Europe/ Epidemiology/ Great Britain/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Practice Guidelines/ Prevalence/ Risk Factors/ Severity of Illness Index/ United States/ Epidemiology/ Vaccination.

  203. Schamhart DH, de Boer EC, de Reijke TM, Kurth K. Urinary cytokines reflecting the immunological response in the urinary bladder to biological response modifiers: their practical use. Eur Urol 2000;37 Suppl 3:16-23.
    Keywords: Biological Response Modifiers/ Therapeutic Use/ Bladder Neoplasms/ Drug Therapy/ Immunology/ Urine/ Bcg Vaccine/ Therapeutic Use/ Human/ Interleukins/ Urine/ Tumor Necrosis Factor/ Urine.

  204. Scheifele D, Halperin S. Haemophilus influenzae type B disease control using PENTACEL, Canada, 1998-1999. Can Commun Dis Rep 2000 Jun 1;26(11):93-6.
    Keywords: Canada/ Epidemiology/ Haemophilus Influenzae/ Isolation & Purif/ Haemophilus Infections/ Epidemiology/ Microbiology/ Prevention & Control/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Infant/ Population Surveillance.

  205. Schuil J, van de Putte EM, Zwaan CM, Koole FD, Meire FM. Retinopathy following measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination in an immuno-incompetent girl. Int Ophthalmol 1998;22(6):345-7.
    Keywords: Case Report/ Child, Preschool/ Cd4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/ Immunology/ Diagnosis, Differential/ Female/ Human/ Igg/ Immunology/ Measles/ Prevention & Control/ Measles Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Mumps/ Prevention & Control/ Mumps Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Retinal Diseases/ Chemically Induced/ Complications/ Diagnosis/ Immunology/ Rubella/ Prevention & Control/ Rubella Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ T-Lymphocytopenia, Idiopathic Cd4-Positive/ Complications/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Combined/ Adverse Effects/ Visual Acuity.

  206. Seder RA, Hill AV. Vaccines against intracellular infections requiring cellular immunity. Nature 2000 Aug 17;406(6797):793-8.
    Keywords: Animal/ Human/ Immunity, Cellular/ Infection/ Immunology/ Infection Control/ Vaccines/ Immunology.

  207. Selander B, Kayhty H, Wedege E, Holmstrom E, Truedsson L, Soderstrom C, Sjoholm AG. Vaccination responses to capsular polysaccharides of Neisseria meningitidis and Haemophilus influenzae type b in two C2-deficient sisters: alternative pathway-mediated bacterial killing and evidence for a novel type of blocking IgG. J Clin Immunol 2000 Mar;20(2):138-49.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Antibodies, Blocking/ Biosynthesis/ Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/ Immunology/ Case Report/ Child, Preschool/ Complement Pathway, Alternative/ Immunology/ Complement 2/ Deficiency/ Immunology/ Female/ Genetic Markers/ Immunology/ Haemophilus Influenzae Type B/ Immunology/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Immunology/ Human/ Igg/ Biosynthesis/ Meningitis, Haemophilus/ Immunology/ Meningitis, Meningococcal/ Immunology/ Neisseria Meningitidis/ Immunology/ Opsonins/ Metabolism/ Phagocytosis/ Immunology/ Polysaccharides, Bacterial/ Immunology/ Receptors, Complement/ Metabolism/ Serotyping/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccines, Inactivated/ Immunology.

  208. Seltsam A, Shukry-Schulz S, Salama A. Vaccination-associated immune hemolytic anemia in two children. Transfusion 2000 Aug;40(8):907-9.
    Keywords: Agglutination Tests/ Methods/ Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune/ Etiology/ Case Report/ Complement 3d/ Analysis/ Female/ Human/ Infant/ Male/ Vaccination/ Adverse Effects.

  209. Sethuraman G, Thappa DM, Karthikeyan K. Images in Medicine. Cutaneous anthrax. Postgrad Med J 2000 Aug;76(898):472.
    Keywords: Adult/ Animal/ Anthrax/ Transmission/ Case Report/ Facial Dermatoses/ Microbiology/ Female/ Goat Diseases/ Transmission/ Goats/ Human/ Skin Diseases, Bacterial/ Transmission/ Zoonoses/ Transmission.

  210. Shahabuddin M, Vinetz JM. Chitinases of human parasites and their implications as antiparasitic targets. EXS 1999;87:223-34.
    Keywords: Animal/ Antiparasitic Agents/ Therapeutic Use/ Chitin/ Metabolism/ Chitinase/ Genetics/ Metabolism/ Drug Design/ Enzyme Inhibitors/ Therapeutic Use/ Human/ Parasites/ Enzymology/ Genetics/ Physiology/ Parasitic Diseases/ Prevention & Control/ Therapy/ Vaccines.

  211. Shohat T, Marva E, Sivan Y, Lerman I, Mates A, Cohen A. Immunologic response to a single dose of tetanus toxoid in older people. J Am Geriatr Soc 2000 Aug;48(8):949-51.
    Keywords: Aged/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Aged, 80 and Over/ Aging/ Blood/ Immunology/ Antibodies, Bacterial/ Blood/ Clostridium Tetani/ Immunology/ Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/ Female/ Follow-up Studies/ Guidelines/ Housing for the Elderly/ Human/ Immunization Schedule/ Immunization, Secondary/ Israel/ Male/ Questionnaires/ Tetanus Toxoid/ Immunology.

  212. Singhal V, Reddy BS. Common contact sensitizers in Delhi. J Dermatol 2000 Jul;27(7):440-5.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Aged/ Allergens/ Diagnostic Use/ Comparative Study/ Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/ Diagnosis/ Immunology/ Female/ Human/ Immunization/ Methods/ India/ Male/ Middle Age/ Patch Tests/ Sensitivity and Specificity.

  213. Skinner SR, Imberger A, Nolan T, Lester R, Glover S, Bowes G. Randomised controlled trial of an educational strategy to increase school-based adolescent hepatitis B vaccination. Aust N Z J Public Health 2000 Jun;24(3):298-304.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Curriculum/ Health Education/ Organization & Admin/ Health Services Research/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Organization & Admin/ Utilization/ Program Evaluation/ School Health Services/ Organization & Admin/ Utilization/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Victoria.

  214. Smith D, Inskip-Paulk E. Adolescent infectious disease challenges. Adolesc Med 2000 Jun;11(2):211-24.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adolescent Behavior/ Adolescent Health Services/ Standards/ Trends/ Behavior Therapy/ Methods/ Communicable Diseases/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Drug Resistance/ Physiology/ Health Services Accessibility/ Trends/ Human/ Immunization/ Standards/ Risk-Taking/ Sex Behavior/ Sexually Transmitted Diseases/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Prevention & Control/ United States/ Epidemiology.

  215. Smith KJ, Roberts MS. Cost effectiveness of vaccination strategies in adults without a history of chickenpox [see comments]. Am J Med 2000 Jun 15;108(9):723-9.
    Keywords: Adult/ Chickenpox/ Economics/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Chickenpox Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Economics/ Cost-Benefit Analysis/ Decision Making/ Female/ Human/ Immunization Schedule/ Incidence/ Male/ Markov Chains/ Quality-Adjusted Life Years/ Risk/ Sensitivity and Specificity/ United States/ Epidemiology/ Vaccination/ Economics/ Methods.

  216. Smith SA, Poland GA. Use of influenza and pneumococcal vaccines in people with diabetes. Diabetes Care 2000 Jan;23(1):95-108.
    Keywords: Bacterial Vaccines/ Diabetes Mellitus/ Complications/ Immunology/ Human/ Influenza/ Prevention & Control/ Influenza Vaccine/ Pneumonia, Pneumococcal/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccines, Conjugate.

  217. Sonnenberg P, Silber E, Ho KC, Koornhof HJ. Meningococcal disease in South African goldmines--epidemiology and strategies for control. S Afr Med J 2000 May;90(5):513-7.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Chemoprevention/ Disease Outbreaks/ Gold/ Human/ Male/ Meningococcal Infections/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Mining/ Prospective Studies/ Retrospective Studies/ South Africa/ Epidemiology/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccination.

  218. SoRelle R. Influenza vaccine shortages threaten those with chronic diseases [news]. Circulation 2000 Aug 22;102(8):E9014-5.
    Keywords: Aged/ Chronic Disease/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Influenza/ Prevention & Control/ Influenza a Virus, Human/ Immunology/ Influenza B Virus/ Immunology/ Influenza Vaccine/ Supply & Distribution/ Therapeutic Use/ Middle Age/ Risk Factors/ United States.

  219. Starr M. A rash of exanthems. How they affect children and pregnant women. Aust Fam Physician 2000 Jul;29(7):631-3, 636-7.
    Keywords: Chickenpox/ Diagnosis/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Child/ Erythema Infectiosum/ Diagnosis/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Female/ Human/ Male/ Measles/ Complications/ Diagnosis/ Immunology/ Prevention &/ Measles Vaccine/ Immunology/ Mumps Vaccine/ Immunology/ Parvovirus B19, Human/ Pregnancy/ Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/ Rubella/ Complications/ Diagnosis/ Immunology/ Prevention &/ Rubella Vaccine/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Combined/ Immunology.

  220. Stenzel M. Hepatitis B: the only vaccine-preventable bloodborne pathogen. Med Health R I 2000 Jul;83(7):201-4.
    Keywords: Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/ Prevention & Control/ Disease Transmission, Professional-to-Patient/ Prevention & Control/ Hepatitis B/ Diagnosis/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Physiopathology/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Human/ Infection Control/ United States/ Epidemiology.

  221. Stone PW, Teutsch S, Chapman RH, Bell C, Goldie SJ, Neumann PJ. Cost-utility analyses of clinical preventive services: published ratios, 1976-1997. Am J Prev Med 2000 Jul;19(1):15-23.
    Keywords: Cost-Benefit Analysis/ Human/ Immunization/ Economics/ Mass Screening/ Economics/ Preventive Health Services/ Economics/ Quality-Adjusted Life Years/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Support, U.s. Gov't, Non-P.h.s./ United States.

  222. Strachan DP. Family size, infection and atopy: the first decade of the "hygiene hypothesis". Thorax 2000 Aug;55 Suppl 1:S2-10.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Antibiotics/ Adverse Effects/ Asthma/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Family Characteristics/ Gastrointestinal System/ Microbiology/ Great Britain/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Hypersensitivity/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Immunization/ Adverse Effects/ Infant/ Infection/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ New Zealand/ Epidemiology/ Prevalence.

  223. Sudarshan MK, Madhusudana SN, Mahendra BJ. Post-exposure prophylaxis with purified vero cell rabies vaccine during pregnancy--safety and immunogenicity. J Commun Dis 1999 Dec;31(4):229-36.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Animal/ Bites and Stings/ Complications/ Cercopithecus Aethiops/ Female/ Human/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Pregnancy/ Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Pregnancy Outcome/ Rabies/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Rabies Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Rabies Virus/ Immunology/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccination/ Vero Cells.

  224. Sutter RW, Suleiman AJ, Malankar P, Al-Khusaiby S, Mehta F, Clements GB, Pallansch MA, Robertson SE. Trial of a supplemental dose of four poliovirus vaccines [see comments]. N Engl J Med 2000 Sep 14;343(11):767-73.
    Keywords: Antibodies, Viral/ Blood/ Comparative Study/ Developing Countries/ Feces/ Virology/ Female/ Human/ Immunization, Secondary/ Infant/ Male/ Oman/ Poliomyelitis/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Poliovirus Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Polioviruses, Human 1-3/ Classification/ Immunology/ Isolation & Purif/ Seroepidemiologic Studies/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't.

  225. Takahashi M. Development of a live varicella vaccine--past and future. Jpn J Infect Dis 2000 Apr;53(2):47-55.
    Keywords: Animal/ Chickenpox Vaccine/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Clinical Trials/ Europe/ Guinea Pigs/ Hamsters/ Herpes Zoster/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Incidence/ Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Acute, L1/ Complications/ United States.

  226. Taylor-Robinson, A. W.; Smith, E. C. Naturally acquired versus vaccine-induced immunity to malariaa dual role for TGF-beta and IL-12? [letter]. Parasitol Today 2000

    Aug;16(8):358-9.

  227. Keywords: Animal/ Human/ Immunity, Active/ Interleukin-12/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Malaria/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Malaria Vaccines/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Mice/ Transforming Growth Factor Beta/ Genetics/ Immunology.

  228. Terkeltaub RA. Lyme disease 2000. Emerging zoonoses complicate patient work-up and treatment. Geriatrics 2000 Jul;55(7):34-5, 39-40, 43-4 passim.
    Keywords: Adult/ Aged/ Antibiotics, Tetracycline/ Therapeutic Use/ Babesiosis/ Complications/ Diagnosis/ Therapy/ Cephalosporins/ Therapeutic Use/ Diagnosis, Differential/ Ehrlichiosis/ Complications/ Diagnosis/ Therapy/ Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/ Human/ Lyme Disease/ Complications/ Diagnosis/ Therapy/ Middle Age/ Penicillins/ Therapeutic Use/ Polymerase Chain Reaction/ Vaccines, Synthetic/ Therapeutic Use/ Zoonoses.

  229. Termorshuizen F, Dorigo-Zetsma JW, de Melker HE, van den Hof S, Conyn-Van Spaendonck MA. The prevalence of antibodies to hepatitis A virus and its determinants in The Netherlands: a population-based survey. Epidemiol Infect 2000 Jun;124(3):459-66.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Aged/ Antibodies, Viral/ Analysis/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Cohort Studies/ Demography/ Disease Outbreaks/ Epidemiologic Studies/ Ethnic Groups/ Female/ Hepatitis a/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ Hepatitis a Virus, Human/ Immunology/ Immunization/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Male/ Middle Age/ Netherlands/ Epidemiology/ Prevalence/ Risk Factors/ Social Class.

  230. Thomas PF, McIntyre PB, Jalaludin BB. Survey of pertussis morbidity in adults in western Sydney [see comments]. Med J Aust 2000 Jul 17;173(2):74-6.
    Keywords: Adult/ Aged/ Aged, 80 and Over/ Female/ Health Services/ Utilization/ Human/ Male/ Middle Age/ Morbidity/ New South Wales/ Epidemiology/ Pertussis Vaccine/ Therapeutic Use/ Sick Leave/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Whooping Cough/ Epidemiology/ Prevention &.

  231. Thrower, D. The MMR question [letter]. Lancet 2000 Jul 8;356(9224):161.
    Keywords: Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems/ Age Distribution/ Autistic Disorder/ Chemically Induced/ Epidemiology/ Case Report/ Child/ Great Britain/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Male/ Measles Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Mumps Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Parents/ Psychology/ Population Surveillance/ Rubella Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ United States/ Epidemiology/ Vaccines, Combined/ Adverse Effects.

  232. Tsai TF. New initiatives for the control of Japanese encephalitis by vaccination: minutes of a WHO/CVI meeting, Bangkok, Thailand, 13-15 October 1998. Vaccine 2000 May 26;18 Suppl 2:1-25.
    Keywords: Animal/ Australia/ Epidemiology/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Encephalitis Virus, Japanese/ Immunology/ Encephalitis, Japanese/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ India/ Epidemiology/ Infant/ Japan/ Epidemiology/ Korea/ Epidemiology/ Thailand/ Epidemiology/ Vietnam/ Epidemiology/ Viral Vaccines/ Therapeutic Use.

  233. Tsuru T, Mizuguchi M, Ohkubo Y, Itonaga N, Momoi MY. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis after live rubella vaccination. Brain Dev 2000 Jun;22(4):259-61.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adrenal Cortex Hormones/ Therapeutic Use/ Case Report/ Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated/ Diagnosis/ Drug Therapy/ Etiology/ Human/ Magnetic Resonance Imaging/ Male/ Rubella Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Vaccines, Attenuated/ Adverse Effects.

  234. Tun KM, Win H, Oo AK, Myint SS, Hla SK, Naing H. Tuberculin conversion after BCG vaccination: comparison by gestation and by age at immunization in Myanmar. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2000 Mar-2000 Apr 30;94(2):219-20.
    Keywords: Age Factors/ Antibodies, Bacterial/ Blood/ Bcg Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Gestational Age/ Human/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Infant, Premature/ Tuberculin/ Immunology/ Tuberculosis/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control.

  235. Turner JC. Meningococcal vaccine for college freshmen [editorial]. Am Fam Physician 2000 Aug 1;62(3):501-2, 505.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.s.)/ Guidelines/ Human/ Meningitis, Bacterial/ Prevention & Control/ Risk Factors/ Septicemia/ Prevention & Control/ Students/ United States/ Universities.

  236. Umble KE, Cervero RM, Yang B, Atkinson WL. Effects of traditional classroom and distance continuing education: a theory-driven evaluation of a vaccine-preventable diseases course. Am J Public Health 2000 Aug;90(8):1218-24.
    Keywords: Analysis of Variance/ Chi-Square Distribution/ Comparative Study/ Education, Continuing/ Methods/ Education, Distance/ Educational Measurement/ Human/ Immunization Schedule/ Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice/ Longitudinal Studies/ Models, Educational/ Poliomyelitis/ Prevention & Control/ Poliovirus Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Program Evaluation/ Public Health/ Education/ Questionnaires/ Regression Analysis/ Satellite Communications/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ United States.

  237. van Der Most RG, Murali-Krishna K, Ahmed R, Strauss JH. Chimeric yellow fever/dengue virus as a candidate dengue vaccine: quantitation of the dengue virus-specific CD8 T-cell response. J Virol 2000 Sep;74(17):8094-101.
    Keywords: Animal/ Cercopithecus Aethiops/ Cd4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/ Immunology/ Cd8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/ Immunology/ Dengue/ Prevention & Control/ Dengue Virus/ Genetics/ Encephalitis, Viral/ Immunology/ Mortality/ Prevention & Control/ Hamsters/ Human/ Mice/ Mice, Inbred Balb C/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Vaccines, Synthetic/ Biosynthesis/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Vero Cells/ Viral Envelope Proteins/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Viral Vaccines/ Biosynthesis/ Genetics/ Immunology/ Yellow Fever Virus/ Genetics.

  238. Viallard JF, Boiron JM, Parrens M, Moreau JF, Ranchin V, Reiffers J, Leng B, Pellegrin JL. Severe pancytopenia triggered by recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. Br J Haematol 2000 Jul;110(1):230-3.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Case Report/ Case-Control Studies/ Female/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Adverse Effects/ Human/ Interferon Type Ii/ Biosynthesis/ Interleukin-10/ Biosynthesis/ Interleukin-12/ Biosynthesis/ Interleukin-2/ Biosynthesis/ Pancytopenia/ Chemically Induced/ Immunology/ T-Lymphocytes/ Drug Effects/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Synthetic/ Adverse Effects.

  239. Vogel FR. Improving vaccine performance with adjuvants. Clin Infect Dis 2000 Jun;30 Suppl 3:S266-70.
    Keywords: Adjuvants, Immunologic/ Adverse Effects/ Antigens/ Immunology/ Communicable Disease Control/ Drug Design/ Human/ Vaccines/ Immunology.

  240. von der Hardt K, Jungert J, Beck JD, Heininger U. Humoral immunity against diphtheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis after antineoplastic therapy in children and adolescents--a retrospective analysis. Vaccine 2000 Jul 1;18(26):2999-3004.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Antibodies, Bacterial/ Blood/ Antibodies, Viral/ Blood/ Antineoplastic Agents/ Therapeutic Use/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Diphtheria Toxin/ Immunology/ Human/ Immunization/ Male/ Polioviruses/ Immunology/ Retrospective Studies/ Tetanus Toxin/ Immunology.

  241. Vuotto ML, Ielpo MT, Liguori G, Benedetto RD, Moscatiello V, Maselli R. Activation of peripheral phagocytes in BCG-vaccinated subjects. Luminescence 2000 May-2000 Jun 30;15(3):153-7.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adult/ Antibodies, Bacterial/ Blood/ Bcg Vaccine/ Immunology/ Pharmacology/ Chemiluminescence/ Human/ In Vitro/ Luminol/ Neutrophils/ Drug Effects/ Immunology/ Metabolism/ Reactive Oxygen Species/ Metabolism/ Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate/ Pharmacology/ Tuberculin Test/ Zymosan/ Pharmacology.

  242. Wade CF. Keeping Lyme disease at bay. An integrated approach to prevention. Am J Nurs 2000 Jul;100(7):26-31; quiz 32.
    Keywords: Antibiotics/ Therapeutic Use/ Antigens, Surface/ Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Borrelia Burgdorferi/ Immunology/ Environment/ Human/ Lyme Disease/ Diagnosis/ Drug Therapy/ Prevention & Control/ Transmission/ United States.

  243. Walt G, Buse K. Partnership and fragmentation in international health: threat or opportunity? [editorial]. Trop Med Int Health 2000 Jul;5(7):467-71.
    Keywords: Communicable Disease Control/ Economics/ Human/ International Cooperation/ Private Sector/ Public Sector/ Vaccines/ Economics/ World Health.

  244. Whang W, Sisk JE, Heitjan DF, Moskowitz AJ. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis in cost-effectiveness. An application from a study of vaccination against pneumococcal bacteremia in the elderly. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 1999 Summer;15(3):563-72.
    Keywords: Aged/ Aged, 80 and Over/ Bacteremia/ Prevention & Control/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Cost-Benefit Analysis/ Methods/ Human/ Pneumococcal Infections/ Prevention & Control/ Probability/ Quality-Adjusted Life Years/ Sensitivity and Specificity/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s.

  245. Wijdicks EF, Fletcher DD, Lawn ND. Influenza vaccine and the risk of relapse of Guillain-Barre syndrome. Neurology 2000 Aug 8;55(3):452-3.
    Keywords: Case Report/ Guillain-Barre Syndrome/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Influenza Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Male/ Middle Age/ Recurrence/ Risk Factors.

  246. Wise RP, Salive ME, Braun MM, Mootrey GT, Seward JF, Rider LG, Krause PR. Postlicensure safety surveillance for varicella vaccine. JAMA 2000 Sep 13;284(10):1271-9.
    Keywords: Adolescence/ Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems/ Chickenpox Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Female/ Herpes Zoster/ Etiology/ Human/ Immune System/ Drug Effects/ Infant/ Male/ Nervous System Diseases/ Etiology/ Population Surveillance/ Pregnancy/ United States/ Epidemiology.

  247. Yusuf HR, Daniels D, Smith P, Coronado V, Rodewald L. Association between administration of hepatitis B vaccine at birth and completion of the hepatitis B and 4:3:1:3 vaccine series. JAMA 2000 Aug 23-2000 Aug 30;284(8):978-83.
    Keywords: Child, Preschool/ Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Human/ Immunization Schedule/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Measles Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Multivariate Analysis/ Poliovirus Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ United States/ Vaccination/ Utilization.

  248. Zeitlin L, Cone RA, Moench TR, Whaley KJ. Preventing infectious disease with passive immunization. Microbes Infect 2000 May;2(6):701-8.
    Keywords: Antibodies, Monoclonal/ Therapeutic Use/ Bacterial Infections/ Prevention & Control/ Clinical Trials/ Human/ Immunization, Passive/ Methods/ Virus Diseases/ Prevention & Control.

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