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VAERS Bibliography - November 2000

  1. Bibliography. Current world literature. Infectious diseases and immunization. Curr Opin Pediatr 2000 Jun;12(3):B115-31
    Keyword: Child/ Communicable Diseases/ Human/ Immunization/ Pediatrics

  2. Eradication of poliomyelitis: progress report. East Mediterr Health J 2000 Sep;5(5):1060-7
    Keyword: Health Plan Implementation/ Organization & Admin/ Human/ Infant/ International Cooperation/ Mediterranean Region/ Epidemiology/ Poliomyelitis/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Regional Medical Programs/ Vaccination/ World Health Organization

  3. Flu shot shipments stalled, vaccination period extended [news] Geriatrics 2000 Sep;55(9):25-6
    Keyword: Aged/ Health Care Rationing/ Human/ Influenza/ Prevention & Control/ Influenza Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Middle Age/ United States

  4. The flu & you: prevention still key. Johns Hopkins Med Lett Health After 50 2000 Oct;12(8):1-2
    Keyword: Aged/ Human/ Influenza/ Drug Therapy/ Prevention & Control/ Influenza Vaccine/ Middle Age

  5. From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication--African Region, 1999-March 2000. JAMA 2000 Oct 11;284(14):1781-2
    Keyword: Africa/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Poliomyelitis/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral/ Administration & Dosage/ World Health

  6. Infectious disease. Rabies. Harv Health Lett 2000 Sep;25(11):6-7
    Keyword: Animal/ Disease Vectors/ Human/ Rabies/ Therapy/ Transmission/ Virology/ Rabies Vaccine

  7. JAMA patient page. Flu vaccine. JAMA 2000 Oct 4;284(13):1740
    Keyword: Human/ Influenza/ Prevention & Control/ Influenza Vaccine/ Vaccination

  8. Preventing congenital rubella syndrome. Wkly Epidemiol Rec 2000 Sep 8;75(36):290-5
    Keyword: Female/ Follow-up Studies/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Organization & Admin/ Infant, Newborn/ Male/ Prevalence/ Risk Factors/ Rubella Syndrome, Congenital/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Rubella Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ World Health/ World Health Organization

  9. Problems with influenza vaccine. Med Lett Drugs Ther 2000 Sep 4;42(1086):79-80
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Aged/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Human/ Influenza/ Prevention & Control/ Influenza Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Supply & Distribution/ Middle Age/ United States/ Vaccination/ Utilization

  10. Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication--Ethiopia, 1997-August 2000. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2000 Sep 29;49(38):867-70
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Ethiopia/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Poliomyelitis/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral/ Administration & Dosage/ Vaccination/ Statistics & Numer Data

  11. Progress towards poliomyelitis eradication, Pakistan, January 1999-June 2000. Wkly Epidemiol Rec 2000 Aug 25;75(34):274-7
    Keyword: Communicable Disease Control/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Incidence/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Pakistan/ Epidemiology/ Poliomyelitis/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Poliovirus Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Population Surveillance

  12. Safety of group C meningococcal vaccine. Commun Dis Rep CDR Wkly 2000 Sep 1;10(35):311, 314
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Comorbidity/ Consumer Product Safety/ Female/ Great Britain/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Incidence/ Infant/ Male/ Meningitis, Meningococcal/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Neisseria Meningitidis/ Immunology/ Risk Factors/ Sudden Infant Death/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Survival Rate/ Vaccination/ Adverse Effects

  13. Shingles vaccine trial underway. Harv Womens Health Watch 2000 Sep;8(1):5
    Keyword: Aged/ Herpes Zoster/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Middle Age/ Viral Vaccines

  14. Typhoid vaccines. Wkly Epidemiol Rec 2000 Aug 11;75(32):257-64
    Keyword: Antibiotics/ Therapeutic Use/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Salmonella Typhi/ Immunology/ Typhoid/ Drug Therapy/ Epidemiology/ Microbiology/ Prevention & Control/ Typhoid-Paratyphoid Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ World Health Organization

  15. Vaccination: refuting the refusals [editorial] CMAJ 2000 Oct 3;163(7):801, 803
    Keyword: Canada/ Epidemiology/ Great Britain/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Measles/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Netherlands/ Epidemiology/ Treatment Refusal/ Vaccination

  16. What is the meningitis C vaccine? Nurs Times 1999 Nov 10-17;95(45):13
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Community Health Nursing/ Methods/ Disease Outbreaks/ Prevention & Control/ Statistics & Numer Data/ England/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Meningitis, Meningococcal/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Vaccination/ Methods

  17. World survey of rabies, 1997. Wkly Epidemiol Rec 1999 Nov 12;74(45):381-4
    Keyword: Animal/ Human/ Rabies/ Diagnosis/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Veterinary/ Rabies Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ World Health/ Zoonoses/ Epidemiology

  18. Adams, W. G., Conners, W. P., Mann, A. M., and Palfrey, S. Immunization entry at the point of service improves quality, saves time, and is well-accepted. Pediatrics 2000 Sep;106(3):489-92
    Keyword: Boston/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Organization & Admin/ Infant/ Information Systems/ Primary Health Care/ Quality of Health Care/ Software/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccination

  19. Agarwal, S. K., Irshad, M., and Dash, S. C. Comparison of two schedules of hepatitis B vaccination in patients with mild, moderate and severe renal failure. J Assoc Physicians India 1999 Feb;47(2):183-5
    Keyword: Adult/ Aged/ Comparative Study/ Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/ Female/ Follow-up Studies/ Hepatitis B/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/ Analysis/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Human/ Immunization Schedule/ Kidney Failure, Chronic/ Complications/ Male/ Middle Age/ Risk Assessment/ Sensitivity and Specificity/ Severity of Illness Index/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccination/ Methods

  20. Andre, M., Morgeaux, S., and Fuchs, F. Quantitative detection of RT activity by PERT assay: feasibility and limits to a standardized screening assay for human vaccines. Biologicals 2000 Jun;28(2):67-80
    Keyword: Animal/ Cell Line/ Virology/ Cercopithecus Aethiops/ Chick Embryo/ Chickens/ Drug Contamination/ Electrophoresis, Agar Gel/ Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/ Evaluation Studies/ Feasibility Studies/ Human/ Mammals/ Polymerase Chain Reaction/ Quality Control/ Reproducibility of Results/ Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors/ Pharmacology/ Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction/ Rna-Directed Dna Polymerase/ Analysis/ Safety/ Sensitivity and Specificity/ Vaccines, Attenuated/ Chemistry/ Standards/ Vero Cells/ Virology/ Viral Proteins/ Antagonists & Inhib/ Analysis/ Viral Vaccines/ Chemistry/ Standards/ Virus Cultivation/ Zidovudine/ Pharmacology

  21. Antonen, J. A., Hannula, P. M., Pyhala, R., Saha, H. H., Ala-Houhala, I. O., and Pasternack, A. I. Adequate seroresponse to influenza vaccination in dialysis patients. Nephron 2000 Sep;86(1):56-61
    Keyword: Adult/ Aged/ Antibodies, Viral/ Analysis/ Biosynthesis/ Female/ Hemodialysis/ Adverse Effects/ Human/ Infection/ Complications/ Influenza Vaccine/ Immunology/ Kidney Failure, Chronic/ Complications/ Immunology/ Male/ Middle Age/ Vaccination/ Vitamin D/ Therapeutic Use

  22. Araujo, O. O., Forleo-Neto, E., Vespa, G. N., Puccini, R. F., Weckx, L. W., Carvalho, E. S., and Farhat, C. K. Associated or combined vaccination of Brazilian infants with a conjugate Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine, a diphtheria-tetanus-whole-cell pertussis vaccine and IPV or OPV elicits protective levels of antibodies against Hib. Vaccine 2000 Sep 15;19(2-3):367-75
    Keyword: Antibodies, Bacterial/ Blood/ Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Female/ Haemophilus Influenzae/ Immunology/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Human/ Infant/ Male/ Poliovirus Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Tetanus Toxoid/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Vaccination/ Vaccines, Combined/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Conjugate/ Immunology

  23. Asplund, L. Flu preparedness. Germ warfare [news] Hosp Health Netw 2000 Sep;74(9):22-4
    Keyword: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.s.)/ Disease Outbreaks/ Emergency Service, Hospital/ Utilization/ Human/ Influenza/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ Influenza Vaccine/ Supply & Distribution/ United States/ Epidemiology

  24. Auvinen, A., Hakulinen, T., and Groves, F. Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccination and risk of childhood leukaemia in a vaccine trial in Finland. Br J Cancer 2000 Oct;83(7):956-8
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Comparative Study/ Controlled Clinical Trials/ Diphtheria Toxoid/ Administration & Dosage/ Female/ Finland/ Epidemiology/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Human/ Immunization Schedule/ Incidence/ Infant/ Leukemia/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Male/ Vaccines, Conjugate/ Administration & Dosage

  25. Aycock, R. Cost effectiveness of hepatitis A vaccination in patients with chronic hepatitis C. Hepatology 2000 Oct; 32(4 pt 1):873; discussion 874-5.
    Keyword: Cost-Benefit Analysis/Hepatitis C, Chronic/Immunology/Human/Vaccination/Economics/Viral Hepatitis Vaccines/Immunology

  26. Bertrand, T. E. Adult vaccinations: 2000-2001 flu season update. Med Health R I 2000 Sep;83(9):291
    Keyword: Adult/ Aged/ Disease Outbreaks/ Prevention & Control/ Female/ Human/ Influenza/ Epidemiology/ Influenza Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Male/ Rhode Island/ Epidemiology/ Vaccination/ Statistics & Numer Data

  27. Boyce, T. G., Hsu, H. H., Sannella, E. C., Coleman-Dockery, S. D., Baylis, E., Zhu, Y., Barchfeld, G., DiFrancesco, A., Paranandi, M., Culley, B., Neuzil, K. M., and Wright, P. F. Safety and immunogenicity of adjuvanted and unadjuvanted subunit influenza vaccines administered intranasally to healthy adults. Vaccine 2000 Sep 15;19(2-3):217-26
    Keyword: Adjuvants, Immunologic/ Administration & Dosage/ Administration, Intranasal/ Adolescence/ Adult/ Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests/ Human/ Iga, Secretory/ Biosynthesis/ Influenza Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Polysorbates/ Administration & Dosage/ Squalene/ Administration & Dosage/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s.

  28. Boyce, T. G. and Poland, G. A. Promises and challenges of live-attenuated intranasal influenza vaccines across the age spectrum: a review. Biomed Pharmacother 2000 May;54(4):210-8
    Keyword: Administration, Intranasal/ Human/ Influenza Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Attenuated/ Immunology

  29. Breiman, R. F., Keller, D. W., Phelan, M. A., Sniadack, D. H., Stephens, D. S., Rimland, D., Farley, M. M., Schuchat, A., and Reingold, A. L. Evaluation of effectiveness of the 23-valent pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine for HIV-infected patients. Arch Intern Med 2000 Sep 25;160(17):2633-8
    Keyword: Adult/ Analysis of Variance/ Aids-Related Opportunistic Infections/ Prevention & Control/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Therapeutic Use/ Case-Control Studies/ Confidence Intervals/ Cd4 Lymphocyte Count/ Female/ Georgia/ Human/ Logistic Models/ Male/ Middle Age/ Pneumococcal Infections/ Prevention & Control/ Pneumonia, Pneumococcal/ Prevention & Control/ Polysaccharides/ Therapeutic Use/ Retrospective Studies/ Risk Factors/ San Francisco/ Streptococcus Pneumoniae/ Immunology/ Isolation & Purif/ Treatment Outcome

  30. Bridges, C. B., Thompson, W. W., Meltzer, M. I., Reeve, G. R., Talamonti, W. J., Cox, N. J., Lilac, H. A., Hall, H., Klimov, A., and Fukuda, K. Effectiveness and cost-benefit of influenza vaccination of healthy working adults: A randomized controlled trial [see comments] JAMA 2000 Oct 4;284(13):1655-63
    Keyword: Absenteeism/ Adult/ Cost of Illness/ Cost-Benefit Analysis/ Double-Blind Method/ Female/ Human/ Influenza/ Diagnosis/ Economics/ Epidemiology/ Prevention &/ Influenza Vaccine/ Economics/ Male/ Middle Age/ Office Visits/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Poisson Distribution/ Serologic Tests/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Vaccination/ Economics

  31. Cohen, J. Forensic epidemiology. Vaccine theory of AIDS origins disputed at Royal Society [news] Science 2000 Sep 15;289(5486):1850-1
    Keyword: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Africa/ Epidemiology/ Animal/ Disease Outbreaks/ Drug Contamination/ Dna, Viral/ Analysis/ Haplorhini/ Genetics/ Human/ Hiv/ Genetics/ Isolation & Purif/ Pan Troglodytes/ Genetics/ Poliovirus Vaccine/ Adverse Effects

  32. Decker, M. D. and Edwards, K. M. Combination vaccines: problems and promise [comment] [editorial] J Pediatr 2000 Sep;137(3):291-5
    Keyword: Drug Approval/ Human/ Immunization Schedule/ Infant/ United States/ United States Food and Drug Administration/ Vaccines, Combined

  33. Dickson, D. Tests fail to support claims for origin of AIDS in polio vaccine [news] Nature 2000 Sep 14;407(6801):117
    Keyword: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/ Etiology/ Africa/ Animal/ Drug Contamination/ Human/ Hiv/ Isolation & Purif/ Pan Troglodytes/ Virology/ Poliovirus Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral/ Adverse Effects/ Siv/ Isolation & Purif

  34. Douglas, R. G. Will a new vaccine be used? J Hum Virol 2000 Mar-Apr;3(2):77-80
    Keyword: Attitude to Health/ Geography/ Human/ Immunization/ Legislation & Jurisprud/ Psychology/ Trends/ Patient Education/ Vaccines/ Economics/ Therapeutic Use

  35. Edwards, E. A., Grant, C. C., Huang, Q. S., Powell, K. F., and Croxson, M. C. A case of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis. J Paediatr Child Health 2000 Aug;36(4):408-11
    Keyword: Case Report/ Electromyography/ Methods/ Human/ Infant/ Leg/ Physiopathology/ Male/ Muscle Hypotonia/ Complications/ Diagnosis/ Physiopathology/ Paralysis/ Chemically Induced/ Complications/ Physiopathology/ Poliomyelitis/ Chemically Induced/ Complications/ Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral/ Adverse Effects

  36. FitzGerald, D. and Mrsny, R. J. New approaches to antigen delivery. Crit Rev Ther Drug Carrier Syst 2000;17(3):165-248
    Keyword: Animal/ Antigens/ Administration & Dosage/ Human/ Immunity, Mucosal/ Immunology/ Immunization/ Methods
  37. Gay, N. J. Eliminating measles--no quick fix [editorial; comment] Bull World Health Organ 2000;78(8):949
    Keyword: Developing Countries/ Female/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Organization & Admin/ Incidence/ Male/ Measles/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Measles Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Program Evaluation/ Risk Assessment/ Survival Analysis/ World Health Organization

  38. Gelbart, M. Influenza: the mutating assassin waiting to strike. Nurs Times 1999 Nov 10-17;95(45):52-3
    Keyword: Communicable Disease Control/ History/ Disease Outbreaks/ History/ History of Medicine, 16th Cent./ History of Medicine, 20th Cent./ Human/ Influenza/ Epidemiology/ History/ Prevention & Control/ Influenza Vaccine/ History/ World Health

  39. Ghosh, A. K. Evidence-based nephrology: efficacy of hepatitis B vaccine in hemodialysis patients. Int J Artif Organs 2000 Apr;23(4):282-3

  40. Greenberg, D. S. Short of vaccine, the Pentagon slows anthrax inoculations [news] Lancet 2000 Aug 5;356(9228):491
    Keyword: Anthrax/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Military Medicine/ United States/ Vaccination

  41. Guillemin, J. Anthrax: the investigation of a deadly outbreak [letter] N Engl J Med 2000 Oct 19;343(16):1198
    Keyword: Anthrax/ Epidemiology/ History/ Biological Warfare/ History/ Disease Outbreaks/ History/ History of Medicine, 20th Cent./ Human/ Military Science/ History/ Ussr/ Epidemiology

  42. Guillot, S., Caro, V., Cuervo, N., Korotkova, E., Combiescu, M., Persu, A., Aubert-Combiescu, A., Delpeyroux, F., and Crainic, R. Natural genetic exchanges between vaccine and wild poliovirus strains in humans. J Virol 2000 Sep;74(18):8434-43
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Animal/ Base Sequence/ Cell Line/ Cercopithecus Aethiops/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Human/ Mice/ Mice, Transgenic/ Molecular Sequence Data/ Paralysis/ Etiology/ Virology/ Poliomyelitis/ Complications/ Virology/ Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral/ Adverse Effects/ Genetics/ Polioviruses/ Genetics/ Isolation & Purif/ Pathogenicity/ Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length/ Reassortant Viruses/ Genetics/ Receptors, Cell Surface/ Genetics/ Recombination, Genetic/ Rna, Viral/ Analysis/ Sequence Alignment/ Sequence Analysis, Rna/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vero Cells/ Virulence

  43. Gurunathan, S., Wu, C. Y., Freidag, B. L., and Seder, R. A. DNA vaccines: a key for inducing long-term cellular immunity. Curr Opin Immunol 2000 Aug;12(4):442-7
    Keyword: Animal/ Antigen Presentation/ Immunology/ Genetic Vectors/ Human/ Immunity, Cellular/ Leishmania Major/ Immunology/ Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Malaria/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Plasmids/ Th1 Cells/ Immunology/ Time Factors/ Tuberculosis/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Vaccines, Dna/ Immunology

  44. Hanna, J., Richards, A., Young, D., Hills, S., and Humphreys, J. Measles in health care facilities: some salutary lessons. Commun Dis Intell 2000 Jul;24(7):211-2
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Australia/ Epidemiology/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Cross Infection/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Transmission/ Disease Outbreaks/ Female/ Human/ Male/ Measles/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Transmission/ Measles Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Travel

  45. Harbarth, S., Szucs, T., Berger, K., and Jilg, W. The economic burden of hepatitis B in Germany. Eur J Epidemiol 2000 Feb;16(2):173-7
    Keyword: Adult/ Cohort Studies/ Cost of Illness/ Cost-Benefit Analysis/ Direct Service Costs/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Female/ Germany/ Health Care Costs/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Hepatitis B/ Economics/ Prevention & Control/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Economics/ Human/ Male/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't

  46. Hartigan-Go, K., Roces, M. C., Habacon, C. A., Mansoor, O., and Shin, S. Developing an immunization safety surveillance system in the Philippines. Bull World Health Organ 2000;78(9):1166
    Keyword: Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems/ Child/ Female/ Fever/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Organization & Admin/ Measles/ Prevention & Control/ Measles Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Philippines/ Epidemiology

  47. Hedlund, J., Ortqvist, A., Konradsen, H. B., and Kalin, M. Recurrence of pneumonia in relation to the antibody response after pneumococcal vaccination in middle-aged and elderly adults. Scand J Infect Dis 2000;32(3):281-6
    Keyword: Aged/ Aged, 80 and Over/ Antibodies, Bacterial/ Immunology/ Antigens, Bacterial/ Immunology/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Community-Acquired Infections/ Female/ Follow-up Studies/ Human/ Male/ Middle Age/ Pneumonia, Pneumococcal/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Recurrence/ Streptococcus Pneumoniae/ Immunology/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccination

  48. Heininger, U. Coincidence is not causality-a principle which needs regular rediscovery. Arch Dis Child 2000 Oct;83(4):355
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Attitude to Health/ Causality/ Child/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Adverse Effects/ Human/ Measles Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Mumps Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Rubella Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Vaccination/ Adverse Effects/ Vaccines, Combined/ Adverse Effects

  49. Herrera, G. A., Smith, P., Daniels, D., Klevens, R. M., Coronado, V., McCauley, M., Stokley, S., Maes, E. F., Ezzati-Rice, T. M., Wright, R. A., and Cordero, J. F. National, state, and urban area vaccination coverage levels among children aged 19-35 months--United States, 1998. Mor Mortal Wkly Rep CDC Surveill Summ 2000 Sep 22;49(9):1-26
    Keyword: Child, Preschool/ Human/ Infant/ Population Surveillance/ United States/ Epidemiology/ Urban Population/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Vaccination/ Utilization

  50. Hilleman, M. R. Vaccines in historic evolution and perspective: a narrative of vaccine discoveries. J Hum Virol 2000 Mar-Apr;3(2):63-76
    Keyword: Animal/ Bacterial Vaccines/ History/ History of Medicine, 18th Cent./ History of Medicine, 19th Cent./ History of Medicine, 20th Cent./ Human/ Vaccines/ History/ Viral Hepatitis Vaccines/ History/ Viral Vaccines/ History/ Virology/ History/ Trends

  51. Hinman, A. R. How should physicians and nurses deal with people who do not want immunizations? Can J Public Health 2000 Jul-Aug;91(4):248-51
    Keyword: Canada/ Fear/ Health Education/ Organization & Admin/ Human/ Immunization/ Contraindications/ Psychology/ Utilization/ Informed Consent/ Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice/ Mass Media/ Nurse-Patient Relations/ Patient Acceptance of Health Care/ Psychology/ Physician-Patient Relations/ Religion/ United States

  52. Horne, A. D., Lachenbruch, P. A., and Goldenthal, K. L. Intent-to-treat analysis and preventive vaccine efficacy. Vaccine 2000 Sep 15;19(2-3):319-26
    Keyword: Human/ Probability/ Randomized Controlled Trials/ Vaccines/ Immunology

  53. Hurwitz, E. S., Haber, M., Chang, A., Shope, T., Teo, S., Ginsberg, M., Waecker, N., and Cox, N. J. Effectiveness of influenza vaccination of day care children in reducing influenza-related morbidity among household contacts. JAMA 2000 Oct 4;284(13):1677-82
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Child/ Child Day Care Centers/ Child, Preschool/ Disease Transmission, Horizontal/ Prevention & Control/ Family Characteristics/ Human/ Influenza/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Transmission/ Influenza Vaccine/ Logistic Models/ Morbidity/ Single-Blind Method/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccination

  54. Irons, B., Lewis, M. J., Dahl-Regis, M., Castillo-Solorzano, C., Carrasco, P. A., and de Quadros, C. A. Strategies to eradicate rubella in the English-speaking Caribbean. Am J Public Health 2000 Oct;90(10):1545-9
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Caribbean Region/ Epidemiology/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Cost-Benefit Analysis/ Female/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Organization & Admin/ Male/ Population Surveillance/ Prevalence/ Rubella/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Rubella Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Vaccination

  55. Jacobs, R. J. and Koff, R. S. Cost-effectiveness of hepatitis A vaccination in patients with chronic hepatitis C [letter]. Hepatology 2000 Oct;32(4 Pt 1):873-4; discussion 874-5
    Keyword: Cost-Benefit Analysis/Hepatitis C, Chronic/Immunology/Human/Vaccination/Economics/Viral Hepatitis Vaccines/Immunology

  56. Jiles, R. B., Fuchs, C., and Klevens, R. M. Vaccination coverage among children enrolled in Head Start programs or day care facilities or entering school. Mor Mortal Wkly Rep CDC Surveill Summ 2000 Sep 22;49(9):27-38
    Keyword: Child/ Child Day Care Centers/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Child, Preschool/ Early Intervention (Education)/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Human/ Infant/ Population Surveillance/ Schools/ Statistics & Numer Data/ United States/ Epidemiology/ Vaccination/ Utilization

  57. Jodar, L., Cartwright, K., and Feavers, I. M. Standardisation and validation of serological assays for the evaluation of immune responses to Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A and C vaccines. Biologicals 2000 Sep;28(3):193-7
    Keyword: Antibodies, Bacterial/ Blood/ Antibody Formation/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Standards/ Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/ Human/ Meningitis, Meningococcal/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Meningococcal Infections/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Neisseria Meningitidis/ Classification/ Immunology/ Quality Control/ Reproducibility of Results/ Serotyping

  58. Juma, A., Evans, M. F., and Bloom, J. Influenza immunizations in the elderly: a continuous quality improvement project. Methods Inf Med 2000 Aug;39(3):217-22
    Keyword: Aged/ Aged, 80 and Over/ Comparative Study/ Female/ Health Services for the Aged/ Utilization/ Human/ Immunization/ Utilization/ Influenza/ Prevention & Control/ Male/ Ontario/ Retrospective Studies/ Total Quality Management

  59. Kahn, J. S. Respiratory syncytial virus vaccine development. Curr Opin Pediatr 2000 Jun;12(3):257-62
    Keyword: Adult/ Antibodies, Viral/ Blood/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Female/ Human/ Immunization Schedule/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Pregnancy/ Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Respiratory Syncytial Viruses/ Immunology/ Viral Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology

  60. Kallinowski, B., Knoll, A., Lindner, E., Sanger, R., Stremmel, W., Vollmar, J., Zieger, B., and Jilg, W. Can monovalent hepatitis A and B vaccines be replaced by a combined hepatitis A/B vaccine during the primary immunization course? Vaccine 2000 Aug 15;19(1):16-22
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Hepatitis Antibodies/ Blood/ Hepatitis B Antibodies/ Blood/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Human/ Immunity/ Drug Effects/ Middle Age/ Vaccines, Combined/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Viral Hepatitis Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects

  61. Kendal, A. P., Neville, L. J., and Manning, C. C. Optimal immunization practices for the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children [letter]. Am J Public Health 2000 Oct;90(10):1640-1
    Keyword: Dietary Services/Organization & Admin/Female/Health Services Accessibility/Human/Immunization/Utilization/Immunization Programs/Organization & Admin/Infant/Interinstitutional Relations/Male/Michigan/Poverty/Program Evaluation/Public Assistance/Organization & Admin/Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s.

  62. Lakhiani, C. N., Vivier, P. M., Alario, A. J., Simon, P., Diana, B. J., and Peter, G. Analysis of the transition from oral polio vaccine to inactivated polio vaccine for primary immunization in a hospital-based primary care practice. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2000 Jun;19(6):575-6
    Keyword: Human/ Immunization/ Infant/ Poliovirus Vaccine/ Immunology/ Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral/ Immunology/ Primary Health Care/ Vaccines, Inactivated/ Immunology

  63. Langridge, W. H. Edible vaccines. Sci Am 2000 Sep;283(3):66-71
    Keyword: Autoimmune Diseases/ Therapy/ Child/ Food/ Human/ Nutrition Disorders/ Therapy/ Plants, Transgenic/ Research Support/ Vaccination/ Methods/ Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage

  64. Lawson, F., Baker, V., Au, D., and McElhaney, J. E. Standing orders for influenza vaccination increased vaccination rates in inpatient settings compared with community rates. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2000 Sep;55(9):M522-6
    Keyword: Aged/ Alberta/ Epidemiology/ Chi-Square Distribution/ Cohort Studies/ Community Health Services/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Comparative Study/ Follow-up Studies/ Hospitalization/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Incidence/ Influenza/ Classification/ Influenza Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Interviews/ Patient Readmission/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Prospective Studies/ Risk Factors/ Survival Rate/ Vaccination/ Statistics & Numer Data

  65. Lieu, T. A., Black, S. B., Ray, G. T., Martin, K. E., Shinefield, H. R., and Weniger, B. G. The hidden costs of infant vaccination. Vaccine 2000 Aug 15;19(1):33-41
    Keyword: Cross-Sectional Studies/ Demography/ Female/ Fever/ Etiology/ Health Care Costs/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Economics/ Infant/ Injections/ Male/ Questionnaires/ Vaccination/ Adverse Effects/ Economics/ Psychology/ Vaccines, Combined/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Economics

  66. Lifson, A. R., Roddy, M., and Ehresmann, K. R. The association of poverty and low immunization rates in ZIP code areas. A retrospective survey of Minnesota kindergartners. Minn Med 2000 Aug;83(8):51-5
    Keyword: Child/ Child, Preschool/ Female/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Infant/ Male/ Minnesota/ Poverty Areas/ Retrospective Studies/ Vaccination/ Statistics & Numer Data

  67. Lina, B., Fletcher, M. A., Valette, M., Saliou, P., and Aymard, M. A TritonX-100-split virion influenza vaccine is safe and fulfills the committee for proprietary medicinal products (CPMP) recommendations for the European Community for Immunogenicity, in Children, Adults and the Elderly. Biologicals 2000 Jun;28(2):95-103
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Aged/ Aged, 80 and Over/ Animal/ Antibodies, Viral/ Biosynthesis/ Antigens, Viral/ Immunology/ Chick Embryo/ Child/ Comparative Study/ Detergents/ Pharmacology/ Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus/ Immunology/ Human/ Influenza a Virus, Human/ Drug Effects/ Immunology/ Influenza B Virus/ Drug Effects/ Immunology/ Influenza Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Standards/ Middle Age/ Octoxynol/ Pharmacology/ Safety/ Vaccination/ Adverse Effects/ Virion/ Drug Effects

  68. Lonergan, G. and Rivest, P. What is a safe vaccine? [letter]. Vaccine 2000 Aug 15;19(1):1
    Keyword: Consumer Product Safety/Controlled Clinical Trials/Human/Intussusception/Etiology/Risk Assessment/Rotavirus/Immunology/Viral Vaccines/Adverse Effects

  69. Maple, P. A., Jones, C. S., Wall, E. C., Vyseb, A., Edmunds, W. J., Andrews, N. J., and Miller, E. Immunity to diphtheria and tetanus in England and Wales. Vaccine 2000 Sep 15;19(2-3):167-73
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Bacterial Proteins/ Immunology/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Diphtheria Antitoxin/ Blood/ Female/ Human/ Immunization/ Infant/ Male/ Middle Age/ Tetanus Antitoxin/ Blood

  70. Mathe, G. Influenza and its vaccination in HIV1-AIDS patients [editorial] Biomed Pharmacother 2000 May;54(4):175-7
    Keyword: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/ Immunology/ Human/ Hiv-1/ Immunology/ Influenza Vaccine/ Immunology/ T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/ Immunology/ Vaccination

  71. Maxim, R. Controversies in adult immunization. Med Health R I 2000 Aug;83(8):255-6
    Keyword: Adult/ Age Factors/ Aged/ Attitude of Health Personnel/ Attitude to Health/ Communicable Disease Control/ Standards/ Trends/ Female/ Hospitalization/ Trends/ Human/ Immunization/ Adverse Effects/ Immunization Programs/ Organization & Admin/ Standards/ Trends/ Male/ Middle Age/ Patient Compliance/ Program Development/ Quality of Health Care/ Standards/ Rhode Island

  72. Mayans, M. V., Robertson, S. E., and Duclos, P. Adverse events monitoring as a routine component of vaccine clinical trials: evidence from the WHO Vaccine Trial Registry. Bull World Health Organ 2000;78(9):1167
    Keyword: Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems/ Clinical Trials/ Drug Monitoring/ Methods/ Guidelines/ Human/ Registries/ Vaccines/ Adverse Effects

  73. McCarthy, M. Conflict of interest taints vaccine approval process, charges US report [news] Lancet 2000 Sep 2;356(9232):838
    Keyword: Autistic Disorder/ Chemically Induced/ Conflict of Interest/ Drug Approval/ Legislation & Jurisprud/ Drug Industry/ Human/ Male/ Rotavirus/ Immunology/ United States/ Viral Vaccines/ Adverse Effects

  74. McIntyre, P. B., Burgess, M. A., and Lester, R. Immunisation in the age of the human genome [editorial] Aust N Z J Public Health 2000 Aug;24(4):351-2
    Keyword: Australia/ Communicable Disease Control/ Trends/ Health Policy/ Human/ Human Genome Project/ Immunization Programs/ Vaccines/ Genetics

  75. Meyer, P. A., Seward, J. F., Jumaan, A. O., and Wharton, M. Varicella mortality: trends before vaccine licensure in the United States, 1970-1994. J Infect Dis 2000 Aug;182(2):383-90
    Keyword: Adult/ Age Factors/ Chickenpox/ Complications/ Mortality/ Prevention & Control/ Chickenpox Vaccine/ Therapeutic Use/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Female/ Human/ Infant/ Licensure/ Male/ Mortality/ Trends/ Racial Stocks/ Retrospective Studies/ Risk Factors/ Seasons/ United States

  76. Millar, E. V., O'Brien, K. L., Levine, O. S., Kvamme, S., Reid, R., and Santosham, M. Toward elimination of Haemophilus influenzae type B carriage and disease among high-risk American Indian children. Am J Public Health 2000 Oct;90(10):1550-4
    Keyword: Carrier State/ Ethnology/ Prevention & Control/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Female/ Haemophilus Infections/ Ethnology/ Prevention & Control/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Human/ Incidence/ Indians, North American/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Male/ Oropharynx/ Microbiology/ Population Surveillance/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ United States/ Epidemiology

  77. Minutello, M., Zotti, C., Orecchia, S., Di Martino, E., Bastianoni, I., Ypma, E., Ruggenini Moiraghi, A., and Podda, A. Dose range evaluation of a new inactivated hepatitis A vaccine administered as a single dose followed by a booster. Vaccine 2000 Aug 15;19(1):10-5
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Demography/ Double-Blind Method/ Female/ Hepatitis Antibodies/ Blood/ Human/ Immunity/ Drug Effects/ Immunization, Secondary/ Male/ Vaccines, Inactivated/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Viral Hepatitis Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects

  78. Mitchell, E. A. SIDS: facts and controversies [editorial] Med J Aust 2000 Aug 21;173(4):175-6
    Keyword: Australia/ Epidemiology/ Bedding and Linens/ Adverse Effects/ Breast Feeding/ Human/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Posture/ Risk Factors/ Smoking/ Adverse Effects/ Sudden Infant Death/ Epidemiology/ Etiology/ Prevention & Control/ Tobacco Smoke Pollution/ Adverse Effects/ Vaccines/ Adverse Effects

  79. Mohammed, I., Nasidi, A., Alkali, A. S., Garbati, M. A., Ajayi-Obe, E. K., Audu, K. A., Usman, A., and Abdullahi, S. A severe epidemic of meningococcal meningitis in Nigeria, 1996. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2000 May-Jun;94(3):265-70
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Age Distribution/ Antibiotics/ Therapeutic Use/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Therapeutic Use/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Disease Outbreaks/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Female/ Human/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Male/ Meningitis, Meningococcal/ Drug Therapy/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Nigeria/ Epidemiology

  80. Monto, A. S. Preventing influenza in healthy adults: the evolving story [comment] [editorial] JAMA 2000 Oct 4;284(13):1699-701
    Keyword: Adult/ Cost-Benefit Analysis/ Human/ Influenza/ Prevention & Control/ Influenza Vaccine/ Economics/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ United States/ Vaccination/ Economics

  81. Moulton, L. H., Chung, S., Croll, J., Reid, R., Weatherholtz, R. C., and Santosham, M. Estimation of the indirect effect of Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine in an American Indian population. Int J Epidemiol 2000 Aug;29(4):753-6
    Keyword: Arizona/ Epidemiology/ Cohort Studies/ Haemophilus Infections/ Ethnology/ Prevention & Control/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Therapeutic Use/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Incidence/ Indians, North American/ Infant/ New Mexico/ Epidemiology/ Outcome Assessment (Health Care)/ Proportional Hazards Models/ Risk/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Utah/ Epidemiology

  82. Murphy, E. Hepatitis B, vaccination and healthcare workers. Occup Med (Lond) 2000 Aug;50(6):383-6
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/ Prevention & Control/ Evidence-Based Medicine/ Great Britain/ Epidemiology/ Health Personnel/ Hepatitis B/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Transmission/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Human/ Occupational Exposure/ Adverse Effects/ Patient Acceptance of Health Care/ Vaccination

  83. Nasir, K., Khan, K. A., Kadri, W. M., Salim, S., Tufail, K., Sheikh, H. Z., and Ali, S. A. Hepatitis B vaccination among health care workers and students of a medical college. JPMA J Pak Med Assoc 2000 Jul;50(7):239-43
    Keyword: Adult/ Allied Health Personnel/ Female/ Hepatitis B/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Male/ Middle Age/ Pakistan/ Students, Medical/ Vaccination/ Statistics & Numer Data

  84. Offit, P. Maintaining the public's trust in immunizations. Del Med J 2000 Aug;72(8):361-5
    Keyword: Consumer Product Safety/ Delaware/ Health Education/ Human/ Immunization/ Methods/ Standards/ Parents/ Public Health/ Public Opinion/ Vaccines/ Adverse Effects

  85. Olowokure, B., Hawker, J., Blair, I., and Spencer, N. Decrease in effectiveness of routine surveillance of Haemophilus influenzae disease after introduction of conjugate vaccine: comparison of routine reporting with active surveillance system. BMJ 2000 Sep 23;321(7263):731-2
    Keyword: Child, Preschool/ Disease Notification/ Standards/ England/ Epidemiology/ Haemophilus Influenzae Type B/ Isolation & Purif/ Haemophilus Infections/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Human/ Incidence/ Sentinel Surveillance/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't

  86. Orenstein, W. A., Strebel, P. M., Papania, M., Sutter, R. W., Bellini, W. J., and Cochi, S. L. Measles eradication: is it in our future? Am J Public Health 2000 Oct;90(10):1521-5
    Keyword: Adult/ Child/ Human/ Hiv Infections/ Immunology/ Measles/ Diagnosis/ Immunology/ Prevention &/ Measles Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Politics/ Risk Factors/ Vaccination/ World Health

  87. Peters, T. R. and Edwards, K. M. The pneumococcal protein conjugate vaccines. J Pediatr 2000 Sep;137(3):416-20
    Keyword: Antibody Formation/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Immunology/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Haemophilus Influenzae Type B/ Haemophilus Infections/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Immunology/ Human/ Incidence/ Infant/ Otitis Media/ Prevention & Control/ Pneumococcal Infections/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Pneumonia, Pneumococcal/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ United States/ Epidemiology/ Vaccines, Conjugate/ Immunology

  88. Pittman, P. R., Mangiafico, J. A., Rossi, C. A., Cannon, T. L., Gibbs, P. H., Parker, G. W., and Friedlander, A. M. Anthrax vaccine: increasing intervals between the first two doses enhances antibody response in humans. Vaccine 2000 Sep 15;19(2-3):213-6
    Keyword: Antibodies, Bacterial/ Blood/ Antigens, Bacterial/ Immunology/ Bacillus Anthracis/ Immunology/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Human/ Igg/ Blood/ Retrospective Studies/ Time Factors/ Vaccines, Synthetic/ Immunology

  89. Ramon, S. and Junquera, C. Ramon y Cajal, microbiologist. Int Microbiol 2000 Mar;3(1):59-61
    Keyword: Animal/ Cholera/ History/ Microbiology/ Prevention & Control/ Cholera Vaccine/ History/ Disease Outbreaks/ History/ Guinea Pigs/ History of Medicine, 19th Cent./ History of Medicine, 20th Cent./ Human/ Microbiology/ History/ Neuroanatomy/ History/ Portraits/ Rabbits/ Spain/ Epidemiology/ Vibrio Cholerae/ Isolation & Purif

  90. Robb-Nicholson, C. By the way, doctor. I recently read that this year's flu vaccine is recommended for anyone over the age of 50. Why has the age changed from 65 to 50? Harv Womens Health Watch 2000 Sep;8(1):8
    Keyword: Age Factors/ Aged/ Human/ Influenza Vaccine/ Middle Age

  91. Roome, A., Rak, M., and Hadler, J. Follow-up of infants of hepatitis B-infected women after hepatitis B vaccination, Connecticut, 1994 to 1997. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2000 Jun;19(6):573-5
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Child/ Disease Transmission, Vertical/ Prevention & Control/ Female/ Follow-up Studies/ Hepatitis B/ Prevention & Control/ Transmission/ Hepatitis B Antibodies/ Analysis/ Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/ Analysis/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Immunology/ Human/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Middle Age/ Pregnancy/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Time Factors/ Vaccination

  92. Rudenko, L. G., Arden, N. H., Grigorieva, E., Naychin, A., Rekstin, A., Klimov, A. I., Donina, S., Desheva, J., Holman, R. C., DeGuzman, A., Cox, N. J., and Katz, J. M. Immunogenicity and efficacy of Russian live attenuated and US inactivated influenza vaccines used alone and in combination in nursing home residents. Vaccine 2000 Sep 15;19(2-3):308-18
    Keyword: Adult/ Aged/ Aged, 80 and Over/ Antibodies, Viral/ Blood/ Double-Blind Method/ Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests/ Human/ Iga, Secretory/ Analysis/ Influenza Vaccine/ Immunology/ Middle Age/ Nursing Homes/ Vaccination/ Vaccines, Attenuated/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Combined/ Immunology

  93. Rudolph, K. M., Parkinson, A. J., Reasonover, A. L., Bulkow, L. R., Parks, D. J., and Butler, J. C. Serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance patterns of invasive isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae: Alaska, 1991-1998. J Infect Dis 2000 Aug;182(2):490-6
    Keyword: Alaska/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Immunology/ Therapeutic Use/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Erythromycin/ Pharmacology/ Human/ Indians, North American/ Infant/ Penicillin Resistance/ Pneumococcal Infections/ Blood/ Cerebrospinal Fluid/ Polysaccharides, Bacterial/ Immunology/ Therapeutic Use/ Population Surveillance/ Serotyping/ Streptococcus Pneumoniae/ Classification/ Drug Effects/ Immunology/ Pathogenicity/ Time Factors/ Trimethoprim Resistance/ Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Combination/ Pharmacology

  94. Saab, S., Martin, P., and Yee, H. F. Jr A simple cost-decision analysis model comparing two strategies for hepatitis A vaccination. Am J Med 2000 Aug 15;109(3):241-4
    Keyword: Adult/ Aged/ Comparative Study/ Cost-Benefit Analysis/ Decision Support Techniques/ Hepatitis a/ Economics/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Hepatitis a Virus, Human/ Immunology/ Hepatitis Antibodies/ Blood/ Middle Age/ Models, Econometric/ Seroepidemiologic Studies/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ United States/ Epidemiology/ Vaccines, Inactivated/ Administration & Dosage/ Economics/ Viral Hepatitis Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Economics

  95. Sagar, S. and Pirofski, L. A. Pneumococcal vaccine with unknown vaccination status. Semin Dial 2000 May-Jun;13(3):207-8
    Keyword: Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Hemodialysis/ Human/ Pneumococcal Infections/ Prevention & Control/ Streptococcus Pneumoniae/ Immunology/ Vaccination

  96. Salleras, L., Dominguez, A., Vidal, J., Plans, P., Salleras, M., and Taberner, J. L. Seroepidemiology of varicella-zoster virus infection in Catalonia (Spain). Rationale for universal vaccination programmes. Vaccine 2000 Sep 15;19(2-3):183-8
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Age Factors/ Aged/ Antibodies, Viral/ Blood/ Chickenpox Vaccine/ Immunology/ Child/ Female/ Herpesvirus 3, Human/ Immunology/ Male/ Middle Age/ Seroepidemiologic Studies/ Spain/ Epidemiology/ Vaccination

  97. Salmaso, S., Gabutti, G., Rota, M. C., Giordano, C., Penna, C., Mandolini, D., and Crovari, P. Pattern of susceptibility to measles in Italy. Serological Study Group [see comments] Bull World Health Organ 2000;78(8):950-5
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Age Distribution/ Antibodies, Viral/ Analysis/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Cluster Analysis/ Confidence Intervals/ Female/ Human/ Incidence/ Infant/ Italy/ Epidemiology/ Male/ Measles/ Diagnosis/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Measles Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Measles Virus/ Immunology/ Middle Age/ Population Surveillance/ Sampling Studies/ Seroepidemiologic Studies/ Sex Distribution

  98. Santosham, M. Can Haemophilus influenzae type b disease be eliminated from the United States? [comment] [editorial] J Pediatr 2000 Sep;137(3):295-8
    Keyword: Child, Preschool/ Haemophilus Influenzae Type B/ Haemophilus Infections/ Prevention & Control/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Human/ Infant/ United States/ Epidemiology/ Vaccines, Conjugate

  99. Schijns, V. E. Immunological concepts of vaccine adjuvant activity. Curr Opin Immunol 2000 Aug;12(4):456-63
    Keyword: Adjuvants, Immunologic/ Animal/ Human/ Vaccines/ Immunology

  100. Schmitt, H. J., Knuf, M., Ortiz, E., Sanger, R., Uwamwezi, M. C., and Kaufhold, A. Primary vaccination of infants with diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-hepatitis B virus- inactivated polio virus and Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccines given as either separate or mixed injections [see comments] J Pediatr 2000 Sep;137(3):304-12
    Keyword: Antibody Formation/ Diphtheria/ Immunology/ Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Feasibility Studies/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/ Immunology/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Human/ Immunization Schedule/ Infant/ Injections, Intramuscular/ Polioviruses/ Immunology/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Tetanus Toxoid/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Conjugate/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Synthetic/ Administration & Dosage/ Immunology/ Whooping Cough/ Immunology

  101. Shefer, A., Webb, E., and Wilmoth, T. Determination of up-to-date vaccination status for preschool-aged children: how accurate is manual assessment conducted by paraprofessional staff? Pediatrics 2000 Sep;106(3):493-6
    Keyword: Allied Health Personnel/ Child, Preschool/ Health Status/ Human/ Needs Assessment/ Quality Assurance, Health Care/ Sensitivity and Specificity/ Vaccination/ Utilization

  102. Shlim, D. R. and Innis, B. L. Hepatitis E vaccine for travelers? [editorial; comment] J Travel Med 2000 Jul-Aug;7(4):167-9
    Keyword: Hepatitis E/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ India/ Epidemiology/ Travel/ Viral Hepatitis Vaccines

  103. Singleton, J. A., Greby, S. M., Wooten, K. G., Walker, F. J., and Strikas, R. Influenza, pneumococcal, and tetanus toxioid vaccination of adults--United States, 1993-7. Mor Mortal Wkly Rep CDC Surveill Summ 2000 Sep 22;49(9):39-62
    Keyword: Adult/ Aged/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Human/ Influenza Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Middle Age/ Population Surveillance/ Streptococcus Pneumoniae/ Immunology/ Tetanus Toxoid/ Administration & Dosage/ United States/ Epidemiology/ Vaccination/ Utilization

  104. Singleton, R., Bulkow, L. R., Levine, O. S., Butler, J. C., Hennessy, T. W., and Parkinson, A. Experience with the prevention of invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b disease by vaccination in Alaska: the impact of persistent oropharyngeal carriage [see comments] J Pediatr 2000 Sep;137(3):313-20
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Alaska/ Epidemiology/ Carrier State/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Cross-Sectional Studies/ Eskimos/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Haemophilus Influenzae Type B/ Haemophilus Infections/ Epidemiology/ Ethnology/ Prevention & Control/ Haemophilus Vaccines/ Human/ Infant/ Oropharynx/ Virology/ Population Surveillance/ Risk Factors/ Rural Health/ Vaccination/ Vaccines, Conjugate

  105. Siscovick, D. S., Raghunathan, T. E., Lin, D., Weinmann, S., Arbogast, P., Lemaitre, R. N., Psaty, B. M., Alexander, R., and Cobb, L. A. Influenza vaccination and the risk of primary cardiac arrest. Am J Epidemiol 2000 Oct 1;152(7):674-7
    Keyword: Case-Control Studies/ Female/ Heart Arrest/ Etiology/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Hypertension/ Complications/ Influenza/ Complications/ Influenza Vaccine/ Logistic Models/ Male/ Middle Age/ Risk Factors/ Smoking/ Adverse Effects/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Washington

  106. Skogen, V., Jenum, P. A., Danilov, E., Korolev, V. N., Halvorsen, D. S., and Sjursen, H. Immunity to diphtheria among children in Northern Norway and North-Western Russia. Vaccine 2000 Sep 15;19(2-3):197-203
    Keyword: Antibodies, Bacterial/ Blood/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ Diphtheria/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine/ Immunology/ Female/ Human/ Immunization, Secondary/ Infant/ Male/ Russia/ Epidemiology/ Seroepidemiologic Studies/ Sex Factors/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Vaccination

  107. Squires, S. G. and Pelletier, L. Publicly-funded influenza and pneumococcal immunization programs in Canada: a progress report. Can Commun Dis Rep 2000 Sep 1;26(17):141-8
    Keyword: Aged/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Economics/ Canada/ Female/ Financing, Government/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Organization & Admin/ Influenza/ Prevention & Control/ Influenza Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Economics/ Male/ Middle Age/ Pneumococcal Infections/ Prevention & Control/ Program Evaluation/ Questionnaires

  108. Stange, K. C., Flocke, S. A., Goodwin, M. A., Kelly, R. B., and Zyzanski, S. J. Direct observation of rates of preventive service delivery in community family practice. Prev Med 2000 Aug;31(2 Pt 1):167-76
    Keyword: Adult/ Counseling/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Cross-Sectional Studies/ Delivery of Health Care/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Family Practice/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Female/ Health Services Research/ Human/ Immunization/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Male/ Mass Screening/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Middle Age/ Ohio/ Physician's Practice Patterns/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Preventive Health Services/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Primary Health Care/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s.

  109. Stille, C. J. and Christison-Lagay, J. Determining immunization rates for inner-city infants: statewide registry data vs medical record review. Am J Public Health 2000 Oct;90(10):1613-5
    Keyword: Chi-Square Distribution/ Cohort Studies/ Comparative Study/ Connecticut/ Evaluation Studies/ Female/ Human/ Immunization/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Infant/ Male/ Medical Records/ Prospective Studies/ Registries/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Urban Population

  110. Stojanov, S., Liese, J. G., Bendjenana, H., Harzer, E., Barrand, M., Jow, S., Dupuy, M., and Belohradsky, B. H. Immunogenicity and safety of a trivalent tetanus, low dose diphtheria, inactivated poliomyelitis booster compared with a standard tetanus, low dose diphtheria booster at six to nine years of age. Munich Vaccine Study Group. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2000 Jun;19(6):516-21
    Keyword: Child/ Comparative Study/ Diphtheria Toxoid/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Female/ Human/ Immunization, Secondary/ Male/ Poliovirus Vaccine/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Tetanus Toxoid/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Combined/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology/ Vaccines, Inactivated/ Adverse Effects/ Immunology

  111. Sunbul, M., Leblebicioglu, H., Esen, S., Eroglu, C., and Barut, S. Response to hepatitis B vaccine in HBsAg/anti-HBs negative and anti-HBc positive subjects. Scand J Infect Dis 2000;32(3):315-6
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Female/ Hepatitis B/ Prevention & Control/ Hepatitis B Antibodies/ Blood/ Hepatitis B Core Antigens/ Blood/ Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/ Blood/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Immunology/ Human/ Male/ Vaccination

  112. Szilagyi, P. G., Bordley, C., Vann, J. C., Chelminski, A., Kraus, R. M., Margolis, P. A., and Rodewald, L. E. Effect of patient reminder/recall interventions on immunization rates: A review. JAMA 2000 Oct 11;284(14):1820-7
    Keyword: Adult/ Child/ Cost-Benefit Analysis/ Human/ Primary Health Care/ Standards/ Reminder Systems/ Economics/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Support, U.s. Gov't, P.h.s./ Vaccination/ Utilization

  113. Thoelen, S. An overview on a novel adjuvanted prophylactic hepatitis B vaccine. Acta Gastroenterol Belg 2000 Apr-Jun;63(2):185-6
    Keyword: Adjuvants, Immunologic/ Administration & Dosage/ Pharmacology/ Adolescence/ Adult/ Clinical Trials/ Drug Approval/ Female/ Hepatitis B/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage/ Pharmacology/ Human/ Male/ Middle Age/ Sensitivity and Specificity/ United States

  114. Toussirot, E., Lohse, A., Wendling, D., and Mougin, C. Sjogren's syndrome occurring after hepatitis B vaccination. Arthritis Rheum 2000 Sep;43(9):2139-40
    Keyword: Adult/ Female/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Adverse Effects/ Human/ Rheumatic Diseases/ Chemically Induced/ Immunology/ Sjogren's Syndrome/ Diagnosis/ Immunology/ Virology/ Vaccination/ Adverse Effects

  115. Tsai, C. H., Chiu, H. H., and Abe, T. Epidemiologic features of rotavirus infection in Taiwan: a review. Pediatr Int 2000 Aug;42(4):411-4
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Age of Onset/ Child/ Child Welfare/ Child, Preschool/ Disease Outbreaks/ Female/ Human/ Incidence/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Male/ Rotavirus Infections/ Epidemiology/ Seasons/ Serotyping/ Taiwan/ Epidemiology/ Viral Vaccines/ Administration & Dosage

  116. Ushijima, H. Rotavirus infection in Asia. Pediatr Int 2000 Aug;42(4):392-4
    Keyword: Asia/ Epidemiology/ Caliciviridae Infections/ Epidemiology/ Pathology/ Diagnosis, Differential/ Gastroenteritis/ Etiology/ Virology/ Human/ Incidence/ Rotavirus Infections/ Complications/ Epidemiology/ Pathology/ Seasons/ Viral Vaccines

  117. Vaidya, S., Attar, N., Nadkar, M. Y., Nair, P., Vishwanath, V., and Borges, N. E. Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculo--neuropathy following anti rabies vaccine. J Assoc Physicians India 1996 Feb;44(2):141-2
    Keyword: Case Report/ Follow-up Studies/ Guillain-Barre Syndrome/ Diagnosis/ Drug Therapy/ Etiology/ Human/ Male/ Middle Age/ Rabies/ Prevention & Control/ Rabies Vaccine/ Administration & Dosage/ Adverse Effects/ Recovery of Function/ Steroids/ Administration & Dosage

  118. Villeneuve, E., Vincelette, J., and Villeneuve, J. P. Ineffectiveness of hepatitis B vaccination in cirrhotic patients waiting for liver transplantation. Can J Gastroenterol 2000 Jul-Aug;14 Suppl B:59B-62B
    Keyword: Female/ Hepatitis B/ Etiology/ Prevention & Control/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Human/ Liver Cirrhosis/ Surgery/ Liver Transplantation/ Adverse Effects/ Methods/ Male/ Middle Age/ Retrospective Studies/ Risk Factors/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Treatment Failure

  119. Weijer, C. The future of research into rotavirus vaccine [editorial] BMJ 2000 Sep 2;321(7260):525-6
    Keyword: Child, Preschool/ Developing Countries/ Human/ Hiv Infections/ Prevention & Control/ Intussusception/ Etiology/ Randomized Controlled Trials/ Research/ Trends/ Rotavirus/ Immunology/ Rotavirus Infections/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Viral Vaccines/ Adverse Effects/ Therapeutic Use

  120. Weir, E. Anthrax: of bison and bioterrorism. CMAJ 2000 Sep 5;163(5):608
    Keyword: Animal/ Anthrax/ Drug Therapy/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Canada/ Epidemiology/ Human/ Incidence/ Military Personnel/ Vaccination

  121. Yousuf, M. and Nadeem, A. Meningococcal infection among pilgrims visiting Madinah Al-Munawarah despite prior A-C vaccination. JPMA J Pak Med Assoc 2000 Jun;50(6):184-6
    Keyword: Adult/ Bacterial Vaccines/ Drug Resistance, Microbial/ Female/ Human/ Islam/ Male/ Meningococcal Infections/ Epidemiology/ Middle Age/ Prevalence/ Prospective Studies/ Saudi Arabia/ Epidemiology/ Travel

  122. Zhao, S., Xu, Z., and Lu, Y. A mathematical model of hepatitis B virus transmission and its application for vaccination strategy in china. Int J Epidemiol 2000 Aug;29(4):744-52
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Aged/ Carrier State/ Epidemiology/ Virology/ Child/ Child, Preschool/ China/ Epidemiology/ Hepatitis B/ Epidemiology/ Transmission/ Virology/ Hepatitis B Vaccines/ Therapeutic Use/ Hepatitis B, Chronic/ Epidemiology/ Prevention & Control/ Virology/ Human/ Immunization Programs/ Methods/ Incidence/ Infant/ Infant, Newborn/ Middle Age/ Models, Biological/ Outcome Assessment (Health Care)/ Methods

  123. Zuckerman, J. N. and Steffen, R. Risks of hepatitis B in travelers as compared to immunization status. J Travel Med 2000 Jul-Aug;7(4):170-4
    Keyword: Adolescence/ Adult/ Aged/ Cross-Sectional Studies/ Europe/ Epidemiology/ Female/ Hepatitis B/ Epidemiology/ Immunology/ Prevention & Control/ Human/ Immunization/ Statistics & Numer Data/ Male/ Middle Age/ Questionnaires/ Risk Factors/ Support, Non-U.s. Gov't/ Travel

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